Bologna regulation on public collaboration for urban commons

The Bologna Regulation on public collaboration for urban commons is part of the “The City as a Commons” project that started in 2011 in Bologna with the support of Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna and the City of Bologna. It ultimately led to the adoption of the “Regolamento sulla collaborazione per la cura e rigenerazione dei beni comuni urbani“. LabGov interns prepared and edited the translation of the Bologna Regulation which is now the official version adopted by the City of Bologna (see “Regulation on collaboration between citizens and the city for the care and regeneration of urban commons“).

The Bologna Regulation was drafted after two years of field work and three “urban commons governance labs” run also by LabGov Coordinator, Professor Christian Iaione. The Bologna Regulation is a 30 page regulatory framework outlining how local authorities, citizens and the community at large (SMEs, non profits, knowledge institutions) can manage public and private spaces and assets together. As such, it’s a sort of handbook for civic and public collaboration, and also a new vision for government. It reflects the strong belief that we need a cultural shift in terms of how we think about government, moving away from the Leviathan State or Welfare State toward collaborative or polycentric urban/local governance. This calls for new regulatory and governmental tools, namely public collaborationnudge regulation, and citytelling.

Christian Iaione, participated actively to the design and implementation activities of “La città come bene comune” (i.e.The city as a commons“) project in Bologna. Iaione developed the theoretical fraework, carried out and coordinated the research activities, training programs and co-design sessions and was also one of the most active members on the committee appointed by the Comune di Bologna to draft the regulation.

Iaione has been researching the topic of urban commons for quite a long time, and at some point  realized that the city could actually be interpreted as a collaborative commons. Iaione’s research on urban commons is synthesized in the  “City as a Commons” paper presented at a conference in Utrecht in 2012 and later published on the Indiana University Digital Library of the Commons. Earlier studies were published in Italian as “La città come bene comune” and “Città e beni comuni“.  Iaione had the opportunity to work and develop his academic studies as a research fellow at New York University School of Law. While at NYU he developed the theoretical framework for local public entrepreneurship, which is the basis of the CO-Mantova project and the idea of the city as a commons. His study on the tragedy of urban roads is the prequel of the Bologna experiment and the first conceptualization of urban infrastructure and assets as commons.

The City as a Commons project recently entered a new phase and evolved into the CO-Bologna project. The turning point is the 1st IASC Conference on urban commonsThe City as a Commons“.

Performances in the Water Sector: a roundtable for local regulation

Performances in the Water Sector: a roundtable for local regulation

Moved by the sense of active citizenship, there is a raising consensus upon strategies for community empowerment.

Many times we assisted to a deterioration of local services, often fueled by a spiral of disabling structural and institutional performances both of private and public actors.

However, the virtuous solution for stimulating the neuralgic points of a territory is the one that endows people and communities with the necessary technology.

Certainly, building a knowledge matrix for understanding the regulation of local public services and the role of local actors and incentives, is a preliminary condition for identifying relevant territorial patterns.

In the field of policymaking and governance of public services, a methodology for multi-sectorial analysis turns out to be useful.

Thus the quality of technologies for community empowerment, here in the sense of local decision-making, can be benchmarked upon the variables of regulation drivers and information sharing.


The workshop organized by the Florence School of Local Regulation will open the debate upon ” Performances in the Water Sector, opting for a methodology of analysis based on the FIELD framework (developed by the Turin School of local regulation).

The workshop will also be dedicated to the understanding of regulations, investments and cooperation in the Water Sector, both under the lens of the European framework and with regard to a specific National case study, specifically the Italian one.



Further info at: Program

Collaboration and Urban Commons. An inter-Atlantic dialogue on the Bologna Regulation on public collaboration

Collaboration and Urban Commons. An inter-Atlantic dialogue on the Bologna Regulation on public collaboration

We feel very honored to have been offered the pleasure to host two internationally prominent scholars:


Professor Sheila Foster – Vice Dean and Albert A. Walsh Professor of Real Estate, Land use and Property law at Fordham University School of Law, Visiting Professor at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, co-director of the Stein Center for Law and Ethics,


Professor Giacinto Della Cananea – Full professor of Administrative Law at University of Rome Tor Vergata and member of the Presidential Council of the Italian Supreme Audit Institution.



Once upon a time, under the Fordist regime of capital accumulation, there was no space for considering collective action as a means for reflecting on the urban commons.

However the economic crisis and the post modern socio-cultural upheaval have drawn the contours for a new urban outline, in the sense of refreshing the understanding of collective action and its nexus with the neighbourhood.

The perception here is that of a transformative evolution of the capacity of the citizens to serve and cultivate urban life.

Truly it is not surprising that cities are not viewed anymore as storage loci for the depletion of common resources, albeit we cannot simply consider the realm of Commons as a ready to go policy.

In effect the fairy tail of the urban commons faltered on the slippery terrain of the regulatory framework.

On the other hand, the congestion and the rivalry upon the use and exploitation of resources leave no room for development and growth, at least if the current structural paradigm is not questioned.

Europe and America are currently experiencing the nightmare of resources degradation, thus our challenge is to find and implement solutions for the governance of the Commons, in such a way that all the community should eventually play a positive sum game.


The workshop, moderated by Professor Christian Iaione, aims at opening a discussion with the audience for understanding and debating the Urban Commons, with a specific focus on the Inter-Atlantic dialogue and on the Bologna Regulation on Public Collaboration. The English version has been edited by 2013/2014 Labgov interns and it is now the official version adopted by the City of Bologna.


LUISS and LabGov are pleased to welcome you on October 31st on the Viale Romania 32 Campus, Toti Classroom, from 16.00 to 19.00


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Sharexpo: Milan as a collaborative and shareable city

Sharexpo: Milan as a collaborative and shareable city

Sharexpo is a project born thanks to Collaboriamo, Eni Enrico Mattei Foundation, Secolo Urbano, ModaCult and ExpoLab (Catholic University of Milan). The main goal is to bring to the attention of Institutions, economic players and grassroots the emerging topic of sharing economy, as well as to stimulate a cultural reflection on this theme. A much more fundamental reflection, for the city of Milan and generally for our country, considering the forthcoming event of Expo 2015. As a part of a wider project, the path of Sharexpo begins the 29th of November 2013 at Sharitaly, a major convention on sharing economy and the firstsharexpo-624x833 italian event entirely dedicated to this emerging paradigm. In April 2014 the promoters of the initiative formed also a steering commitee, consisting of fourteen members from different areas of expertise, who drew up a guideline document for the project. The drafting of the manifesto involved, throught a dedicated event, many public and private players (including the Municipality of Milan) that helped to identify strong points and weaknesses about a wide implementation of the sharing economy in the city. They also proposed solutions and suggestions. The participation of over seventy startups, associations, profit and no profit businesses in the creation of the manifesto represents a clear sign of how Italy is a fertile context for the flooding of sharing economy. A fact confirmed by a research of Duepuntozero Doxa.

The sharing economy model can so represent an effective “reaction” to the extraordinary demand of services that will strike the city of Milan during Expo. Indeed, the number of expected visitors is over 20 million (both domestic and foreign), and a considerable part of these, 10.4 million, is potentially interested in an innovative kind of services, based on sharing and collaboration. The model of sharing economy, therefore, profiles many opportunities in different ways: from the field of space-place to stay for the visitors to the ambits of transportation, personal service, work, free time or food services (these the areas of interest indentified by the manifesto).

However the implementation of this paradigm certainly needs both regulatory interventions (also from a fiscal point of view), designed to frame new circumstances in relation to the sharing economy services, and new organisational set-ups. These problems obviously add up to cultural commitments that prevent the spread of sharing economy-based services, mainly consisting in the lack of confidence in online security protocols (critical in the field of the sharing economy where the use of web platforms is often fundamental to access the service). It is not by coincidence, then, that the manifesto faces all these difficulties and suggests a plan of action to engage problems and achieve a network of collaborative services in Milan. A challenge far from impossible considering the increasingly fleeting spread the model of shareable city is having in Italy, where the city of Bologna can be considered a best pratice, and abroad (for example Seoul). The implementation phase of the project started in Milan last July and is going to end in April 2015. After that, a trial and evaluation phase has been scheduled and, from January 2016, the project is expected to be fully operational, making Milan one of the first shareable cities in Italy.

#fondatisullacultura Convention. A coordination for the Culture

#fondatisullacultura Convention. A coordination for the Culture

#fondatisullacultura is a convention promoted by Roma Capitale and “Commissione Cultura, Politiche Giovanili e Lavoro in collaboration with #fondatisullacultura.

The panel will be held in Rome at MACRO and will host four thematic sessions on culture.


The introductory panel will be lead by On. Michela Di Biase, President of The Commission “Cultura, Politiche Giovanili e Lavoro di Roma Capitale“, which will introduce the debate with highly qualified professionals.

Following, the experts will give us the opportunity to understand the dynamics of the cultural enterprises and their aggregate value, both in the sense of economic production and socio-cultural output; it will be crucial to comprehend which are the products and recipients of the economy of culture, as well as addressing the key issue of resources’ management.

There is a recurrent necessity to confront principles and norms with the challenges of the new cultural demands, but on top of all, it is vital to analyze the possible strategies and the existing administrative instruments (and loopholes) that serve to coordinate and produce public policies.

LabGov will be as always on the frontline, represented by its Coordinator and Professor Christian Iaione.


Public participation is welcomed.




FREE ENTRANCE, Via Nizza 138   h.9:30-18:00