On Friday the 3rd of February 2017 the city of Bari will host the event “Connect the Dots – Draw your future”, organized by Confindustria Bari Bat, Fondazione Brodolini and Asso Service Srl.
“Connect the dots” is an open laboratory, born with the aim of further developing at local level the debate activated by the European Union with the signature of the Amsterdam Pact in May 2016. The laboratory will adopt a collaborative and inclusive approach, which will allow to collectively define, analyse and confront the major challenges faced by our cities. The choice of such approach is motivated by the belief in the possibility to achieve local development goals, ranging from urban regeneration to social innovation, smart mobility and industry 4.0, through a dialogue between local institutions, private sector, citizens and associations. In this perspective, “Connect the Dots” aims at strengthening the local network of actors involved in development and innovation processes on the territory, and at creating connections between members of local institutions, managers, young students, startuppers, city makers and social innovation experts, generating a shared path towards urban sustainability.
The event will be opened by a plenary session, which will see the participation of Fabio Sgaragli (Fondazione Brodolini), Domenico De Bartolomeo (President of Confindustria Bari Bat), Luigi Morelli (President of Asso Service), Eugenio Di Sciascio (Dean at Politecnico di Bari) and Antonio Felice Uricchio (Dean at Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro). In the second part of the event, participants will divide into three working tables, respectively focused on urban regeneration and innovative models of re-use and management of public spaces, social innovation and enterprises’ startup and industry 4.0 and immaterial infrastructures. Professor Christian Iaione, LabGov’s coordinator, will be between the speakers of the second table (together with Fabio Sgaragli, Paola Romano, Annibale D’Elia and Marco Nannini), and will discuss the importance of collaboration and participation in the development of social innovation and new enterprises.
The complete program of the event is available at this link, where it is also possible to register to the event and to join one of the working tables.
Venerdì 3 Febbraio 2017 la città di Bari ospiterà l’evento “Connect the Dots – Draw your future”, organizzato da Confindustria Bari Bat, Fondazione Brodolini e Asso Service Srl.
“Connect The Dots”(Unisci i punti), è un laboratorio aperto di confronto che “intende contribuire a livello locale al dibattito avviato dall’Unione Europea lo scorso maggio 2016 con la sottoscrizione del Patto di Amsterdam, attraverso un approccio collaborativo ed inclusivo capace di generare un’ampia condivisione sulle principali sfide delle nostre città”.
L’idea di Connect The Dots è quella di rafforzare la capacità di networking del territorio sulle dinamiche di innovazione e sviluppo e di mettere in connessione manager di azienda, giovani studenti, neo laureati e startuppers, rappresentanti delle istituzioni, esperti in social innovation e city makers,“con l’obiettivo di renderli tutti protagonisti del percorso di crescita sostenibile di un’intera città”.
Durante l’evento i partecipanti, divisi in tre tavoli di lavoro, si confronteranno sulle tematiche di Rigenerazione urbana e modelli innovativi di riuso e gestione degli spazi pubblici, Innovazione sociale e start up di impresa e Industry 4.0 e infrastrutture immateriali. Il professor Christian Iaione, coordinatore di LabGov, parteciperà ai lavori del secondo tavolo, in cui si discuterà l’importanza della collaborazione nella creazione di un ambiente favorevole alla nascita e allo sviluppo di un’impresa.
Il programma dell’evento è disponibile a questo link, dove è anche possibile registrarsi all’evento e selezionare un tavolo di lavoro al quale partecipare.
The article La quintupla elica come approccio alla governance dell’innovazione sociale, written by Professor Christian Iaione together with Elena De Nictolis, was published by the Brodolini Foundation within their research and studies publication “I luoghi dell’Innovazione Aperta: Modelli di Sviluppo Territoriale ed Inclusione Sociale”. The complete publication is available here (in Italian).
In this article Iaione and De Nictolis present the “Collaborative City” (CO-City) urban co-governance framework as a way to facilitate collaborative and open knowledge production and social innovation processes within the city. A paradigm change is in fact needed if we want living labs or open innovation spaces to truly function as instruments of local social and economical innovation.
“The CO-City paradigm is a co-governance model based on three levels: sharing, pooling and polycentrism (Iaione, 2016; Iaione e Cannavò, 2015). This model incorporates a vision of the city as a place of material and immaterial production that, following the principles and the method drawn by the Economics Nobel Prize Elinor Ostrom, functions through local knowledge and through cooperation between the different actors around a common resource – which in our case is not anymore a natural or cognitive resource, as envisaged by Ostrom, but becomes instead the city as a whole and all the resources it contains. Therefore the CO-city model builds on Ostrom’s teaching while also giving space to a inter and supra-local dimension and while accounting for a major social and regulatory complexity”.
This generates an approach which aims at building a “urban institutional and productive ecosystem composed by co-governance platforms built around the city’s commons goods”. Furthermore, the CO-City approach further elaborates on the triple helix governance model and develops a more complex and precise version, defined as quintuple helix model, which identifies the five actors of polycentric governance. These actors are public institutions, cognitive institutions, the private sector, civil society organizations and active citizens (what we can call the un-organized public).
L’articolo La quintupla elica come approccio alla governance dell’innovazione sociale, scritto dal Professor Christian Iaione assieme a Elena De Nictolis, è stato pubblicato all’interno della pubblicazione “I luoghi dell’Innovazione Aperta: Modelli di Sviluppo Territoriale ed Inclusione Sociale” della Fondazione Brodolini. La pubblicazione è disponibile qui nella sua forma completa.
In questo articolo si evidenzia la necessità di un cambio di paradigma nella governance urbana, fondamentale se vogliamo facilitare processi di innovazione sociale e di co-produzione di conoscenza all’interno della città. “L’approccio della “Città Collaborativa” (o, per brevità, “CO- Città”) tende a realizzare questo obiettivo ed è basato su un modello di co-governance urbana a tre livelli: condivisione, collaborazione e policentricità (Iaione, 2016; Iaione e Cannavò, 2015)”. Questo approccio costruisce sulla lezione del premio Nobel per l’economia Elinor Ostrom, la cui visione fa leva sulla conoscenza locale e sulla cooperazione fra diversi attori o utenti di una risorsa comune, ma arriva a prendere in considerazione non solo i beni naturali e cognitivi, su cui la Ostrom si concentrava, ma anche la città in quanto tale e tutte le risorse in essa presenti. Per questo il modello CO-Città, sviluppato tenendo conto della maggiore complessità che caratterizza l’ambiente urbano, identifica cinque diversi attori fondamentali per generare forme di “governance a quintupla elica”. Tali attori sono le istituzioni pubbliche, le istituzioni cognitive e il privato, già previsti dal modello a tripla elica, a cui si aggiunge l’importante componente della società civile, organizzata (associazioni) e non (cittadini attivi, innovatori sociali, city makers). L’aggiunta di questi attori fa si che l’innovazione generi imprese e istituzioni più inclusive e sostenibili anche dal punto di vista sociale, ambientale e culturale.
When looking for examples of innovative experiments in urban governance and collaborative practices, many observers are turning to the city of Bologna and to its experience with the Regulation on public collaboration between citizens and the city for the care and regeneration of urban commons and with the legislation “Collaborare è Bologna”. In the last years the city has dedicated a lot of efforts to the promotion of a culture of collaboration and has tried to fill a legal gap, reducing the distance between the local administration and its citizens and bringing all urban actors to work together around the city’s common goods. These efforts are not going unnoticed, and numerous observers are looking at the city with curiosity, recognizing it as an innovative experimentation which could lead to creation of a new urban governance framework based on collaboration.
In a similar perspective, the Bologna case will be presented and discussed in Berlin on Friday the 27th of January during the Urban Change Talk: Bologna – a Laboratory for Urban Commons?, an event organized by Actors of Urban Change, a program aiming to achieve sustainable and participatory urban development through cultural activities, in cooperation with the Urban Research Group ‘Urban Commons’ at the Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies of Humboldt University.
The event will consist in a conversation between Dr. Martin Schwegmann, member and founder of the Urban Research Group “Urban Commons” and program manager of “Actors of Urban Change”, and different actors engaged in research and practice around the urban commons, coming both from Bologna and from Berlin. Professor Christian Iaione, LabGov’s coordinator, will take part in the event and, together with Giovanni Ginocchini, (Director of the URBAN CENTER BOLOGNA), will present the case of Bologna, while Marco Clausen, (Prinzessinnengarten), and Dr. Mary Dellenbaugh from the Urban Research Group “Urban Commons” will contribute to the conversation by also considering the experiences that are taking place in Berlin.
Venerdì 27 Gennaio avrà luogo a Berlino l’evento Urban Change Talk: Bologna – a Laboratory for Urban Commons?, organizzato da Actors of Urban Change con il supporto dell’ Urban Research Group ‘Urban Commons’ del Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies della Humboldt University.
L’evento consisterà in una conversazione tra diversi attori impegnati nella ricerca e nella sperimentazione sui commons urbani che analizzeranno il caso della città di Bologna, considerato un esempio di pratica innovativa attraverso cui viene promossa una cultura di collaborazione e si sviluppa un nuovo modello di co-governance urbana. Il caso bolognese verrà presentato dal Professor Christian Iaione, coordinatore di LABGov, e da Giovanni Ginocchini, Direttore dell’Urban Center di Bologna, che racconteranno il percorso di CO-Bologna, dal Regolamento sulla collaborazione tra cittadini e amministrazione per la cura e rigenerazione dei beni comuni urbani e la politica “Collaborare è Bologna” alla sperimentazione nei cantieri.
On January 10th, a one-day long seminar organized by the interdepartmental agency PUCA (Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture), sponsored and hosted by the French Ministries of Housing and the Environment in Paris, gathered researchers from different fields (urbanism, architecture, law, and sociology) to discuss the state of the art and the future objectives of the research on habitat participatif. This seminar has been an opportunity to retrace the origins, evolution and main implications of habitat participatif since the movement has gained momentum in the 2000s.
Over the last fifteen years, France has witnessed a resurgence of interest in residents-led housing projects as a response to the difficulties that a growing number of households encountered in getting access to housing due to the economic, financial, and real estate crisis. In particular, middle-income households – until then protected by their level of education and social integration – have seen their chances to get access to decent and affordable housing, especially in major cities and towns, seriously undermined. On the one hand, the speculative rise in house and land prices prevented these groups from entering the private real estate and rental market. On the other hand, their income level was far too high to be eligible for social housing, also provided that the supply of social accommodation was unable to meet the demand of an increasingly large share of the population.
The instability created by the crisis, however, has served as the breeding ground for the re-emergence and spread of residents-led housing initiatives in France and, since the beginning of the 2000s, new housing projects have developed throughout the country and they are now in the hundreds. At the heart of this spontaneous, residents-led mobilisation there is an increased awareness of the importance of protecting and fostering values such as environmental sustainability, mutual solidarity, citizens’ participation, and sharing of resources, knowledge and expertise. Rather than relying on the private market or being the passive recipients of social housing policies, groups of residents have increasingly been engaged in the conception, building, and management of their own housing projects, so playing an active role in shaping the city in a way that better responds to their needs and expectations. The multiplicity of terms that are used in France to describe these projects – habitat groupé, habitat autogéré, habitat alternatif, habitat participatif, habitat cooperatif and cooperatives d’habitants – captures the diversity of values, principles, layout, design, and legal arrangements that characterises the projects. However, in spite of this heterogeneous mix, the expression habitat participatif has been increasingly chosen as a term capable of referring to all housing projects whose common goal is to place the resident at the earth of the realisation and management of her living space and to provide a valuable alternative to both the private market sector and public-led initiatives.
Grown out from the mobilisation of groups of residents, the habitat participatif movement has also acquired a national and institutional dimension due to the creation of national networks and the involvement of social housing promoters and other institutional players. The dialogue among the different stakeholders culminated, after a long process of public consultation and discussion, in the legal recognition of the habitat participatif in the Loi ALUR. The law reformed the Code de la construction et de l’habitation by introducing in the Code a definition of habitat participatif and by providing a new legal framework for its practical implementation. On the one hand, the law defined habitat participatif as a “citizens-based initiative that allows individuals to associate, if necessary with legal persons, in order to participate in the definition and design of their individual dwellings and common spaces, to construct or acquire one or more buildings and, where possible, to ensure their management”. Emphasis is placed on sharing and solidarity, since the habitat participatif is meant to promote “the construction and the supply of housing, as well as the development of collective spaces, under a logic of sharing and solidarity between inhabitants” . On the other hand, the reform provided a completely new legal framework to be used by habitat participatif projects, and notably the cooperative d’habitants and the société d’attribution et d’autopromotion, which should replace, at least to a certain extent, the legal scheme of the copropriété des immeubles.
Although major innovations have been accomplished by this law reform and projects are flourishing throughout the country, the habitat participatif keeps raising important questions that deserve further study and investigation, as emerged during the afternoon workshops of the PUCA seminar. A first suggested line of research might investigate the major implications and changes that the institutionalisation of the habitat participatif, recently accomplished by the Loi ALUR, have brought about. A second line of research might instead focus on the individual/collective dimension of the projects and address issues related to the residents’ life and sustainability of the projects in the long-term. From a legal perspective, focusing on the individual/collective dimension of the habitat participatif would also lead to investigate and reconsider the way ownership, and multi-owned housing legal schemes in particular, have been conceived of and used so far in the framework of these projects. Finally, a third line of research may attempt to further explore the reciprocal interaction between habitat participatif projects and the city, by examining both the role of the stakeholders involved and the outcomes of this interaction.
To conclude, what the state of the art of the research on habitat participatif has revealed is that habitat participatif represents more than a means to get access to housing by way of sharing common spaces and services; rather, the values it promotes and its structure deeply affect the role individuals play within the community and in the city. As Alain Jünd observed during the seminar, habitat participatif not only concerns the way in which projects are built and spaces shared, but also represents an entirely new way of “fabriquer la ville collectivement” .
Fabiana Bettini, Postdoctoral Researcher, Sciences Po Law School, Paris
This article is drawn from a broader research conducted in the framework of the ERC-funded project “INCLUSIVE” (2014-2019) led by Professor Séverine Dusollier and hosted by the Sciences Po Law School, Paris
 The program of the seminar and the links to the relevant documents can be found at http://www.urbanisme-puca.gouv.fr/seminaire-l-habitat-participatif-les-derniers-a1048.html
 S. Bresson, L. Tummers, L’habitat participatif en Europe. Vers des politiques alternatives de développement urbain?, in Métropoles, 15 (2014), 15 décembre 2014, available at https://metropoles.revues.org/4960.
 Data are taken from a survey of habitat participatif projects made by La Coordin’action, an association that gathers and coordinates fourteen French associations involved in the promotion, development and realization of habitat participatif projects as well as in keeping the dialogue with other institutional actors open. The mapping of existing habitat participatif projects, at the different stage of their completion, is available at http://www.habitatparticipatif.eu/cartographie-de-lhabitat-participatif-2017/.
 S. Bresson, S. Denèfle, Diversity of self-managed co-housing initiatives in France, in Urban research and practice, 8:1, 2015, p. 5-16. On the major trends of habitat participatif projects, their roots and ideologies, see A. D’Orazio, La nébuleuse de l’habitat participatif: radiographie d’une mobilisation, in Métropolitiques, 16 janvier 2012, available at http://www.metropolitiques.eu/La-nebuleuse-de-l-habitat.html.
 This is the definition given in the preamble of the Livre Blanc de l’Habitat Participatif, where the term habitat participatif is used to encompass “toute une série d’initiatives dont l’objectif est la recherche d’alternatives aux cadres de production classiques du logement, en positionnant l’usager au cœur de la réalisation et de la gestion de son lieu de vie. […] il pourra s’imposer comme une voie alternative au logement aux côtés du parc privé et du logement social”: Livre Blanc de l’Habitat Participatif, Strasbourg, 2011, p.1. The Livre Blanc has been realised by the association Eco-Quartier Strasbourg on behalf of the Coordin’action in the aftermath of the national habitat participatif meetings held in Strasbourg during 2010.
 The Réseau national des collectivités pour l’habitat participatif formed in 2010 with the aim of bringing together municipalities, groups of municipalities, and regions, whose involvement in participatif housing was increasingly requested by the citizens’ initiatives. The brochure of the network is available for downloading at http://www.strasbourg.eu/developpement-rayonnement/urbanisme-logement-amenagement/projets-urbains/autopromotion-habitat-participatif/reseau-national-collectivite-habitat-participatif. Likewise, associations involved in supporting and promoting habitat participatif gathered into a national network called La Coordin’action : http://www.habitatparticipatif.eu/la-coordinaction/.
 Social housing in France is mostly provided by the organismes d’habitations à loyer modéré (HLM). They are organized in the Union Sociale pour l’Habitat and the Fédération des Coopératives HLM. For the role played by HLM organisms in the context of the habitat participatif projects, see La place et le role des organismes HLM dans l’habitat participatif, Réseau HLM pour l’Habitat Participatif, septembre 2016, available for downloading at http://habitatparticipatif.hlm.union-habitat.org/ush/Blog/La+note+de+positionnement+du+Mouvement+Hlm+sur+l%27habitat+participatif+est+parue.
 Other institutional players have been the Ministry of Housing, the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations, banks (and notably the Crédit Mutuel), the Architectes Association, the CAUE Federation for Architecture, Urbanism and the Environment, the National Chamber of civil law notaries. The process of institutionalisation of the habitat participatif movement has been explored by C. Devaux, De l’experimentation à l’institutionalisation: l’habitat participatif à un tournant?, in Métropolitiques, 23 janvier 2012, available at http://www.metropolitiques.eu/De-l-experimentation-a-l.html, and more extensively, C. Devaux, L’habitat participatif. De l’initiative habitante à l’action publique, PUR, 2015.
 Cfr. Loi n°2014-366 du 24 mars 2014 pour l’accès au logement et un urbanisme rénové, available at https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028772256&categorieLien=id.
 Art. 200-1 provides that “l’habitat participatif est une démarche citoyenne qui permet à des personnes physiques de s’associer, le cas échéant avec des personnes morales, afin de participer à la définition et à la conception de leurs logements et des espaces destinés à un usage commun, de construire ou d’acquérir un ou plusieurs immeubles destinés à leur habitation et, le cas échéant, d’assurer la gestion ultérieure des immeubles construits ou acquis. […] L’habitat participatif favorise la construction et la mise à disposition de logements, ainsi que la mise en valeur d’espaces collectifs dans une logique de partage et de solidarité entre habitants”.
 See articles 201-1 to 201-13 and articles 202-1 to 202-11 of the Code de la construction et de l’habitation. More detailed rules are still in the process of being adopted thorough implementing decrees of the Conseil d’Etat.
 Copropriété des immeubles is the most widespread legal arrangements used in France for multi-owned housing and a large portion of habitat participatif projects so far built have resorted to the copropriété scheme. Although the Loi ALUR has provided a new legal framework mostly based on cooperatives, copropriété will still be used in the future to a certain extent.
 This is the main focus of the research conducted in the framework of ERC-funded project “INCLUSIVE” led by Professor Séverine Dusollier and hosted by the Sciences Po Law School, Paris.
Alain Jünd is Deputy Major of the city of Strasbourg responsible for town planning and environmental transition, and president of the Réseau national des collectivités pour l’habitat participatif.
Il 10 gennaio a Parigi ha avuto luogo un seminario dedicato all’habitat participatif (abitare partecipativo e collaborativo), una pratica abitativa sempre più diffusa, caratterizzata dal coinvolgimento degli abitanti nella progettazione, realizzazione e gestione dello spazio abitativo. Questa soluzione, nata dalla mobilitazione di gruppi di residenti, rappresenta una valida alternativa sia al mercato immobiliare privato, con i suoi prezzi sempre più proibitivi, che alle iniziative di housing pubblico.
Ciò che emerge dalle ricerche sull’habitat participatif è che questa soluzione abitativa, oltre ad offrire una modalità differente di accesso all’abitazione, basata sulla condivisione di spazi e servizi, genera una profonda trasformazione nella concezione del ruolo dell’individuo all’interno della città e della società.
The event Integrating “urban commons” in the reactivation of vacant buildings and sites will take place on the 26th and 27th of January in the city of Genoa.
The event is organized by URBACT III 2nd Chance network within the framework of the Waking up the “sleeping giants” project, which involves several European cities in the regeneration and activation of vacant buildings and building complexes for a sustainable urban development. The network, one of the working groups focusing on urban governance at European level, is led by the city of Naples and brings together cities like Brussels (Belgium), Caen (France), Chemnitz (Germany), Dubrovnik (Croatia), Gijon (Spain), Liverpool (UK), Lublin (Poland), Maribor (Slovenia), Porto (Portugal), and Genova (Italy). The project’s challenges are to “bring back” abandoned – and often ignored – spaces into the city and to transform them into lively districts, to involve people in the process and in the definition of their new uses, and to understand how to finance the processes and how to get hold of the buildings.
The series of workshop that will take place this week in Genoa will offer a precious occasion to approach these challenges and to further reflect on the importance of re-conceptualizing vacant (and giant) buildings as urban commons. Through the workshops it will be possible to collect and confront tools, instruments and good practices of common-good oriented reactivation processes, and in particular to have an enriching exchange about regulations, principles and guidelines on urban commons at local level and about examples, agreements, procedures and financing approaches already developed between the different actors of urban co-governance (as municipalities, private owners, third sector, knowledge institutions and un-organized public). The discussion will be organized around three topics, which are usage of urban buildings, maintenance and rehabilitation and administration and management.
LabGov’s coordinator Professor Christian Iaione will be between the experts leading the workshop and will discuss the importance of managing the city as a commons and developing a new urban co-governance framework.
The workshops will be followed by a visit to the Ex Caserma Gavoglio, one of Genoa’s sleeping giants which will be object of a regeneration process. The visit will allow the participants to apply the knowledge developed during the previous phase to a physical project that is going to be developed on the ground.
More informations on the project 2nd Chance – Waking up the “sleeping giants” are available in the network’s Baseline Study (State-of-the-Art –Starting position).
Il 26 e il 27 gennaio a Genova avrà luogo l’evento Integrating “urban” commons in the reactivation of vacant buildings and sites, organizzato all’interno del progetto 2nd Change – Waking up the sleeping giants, uno dei network sviluppati a livello europeo nel contesto di URBACT III.
Attraverso la serie di workshop, a cui LabGov parteciperà nella figura del Professor Christian Iaione, convocato in qualità di esperto, sarà possibile sviluppare una riflessione approfondita sulle sfide affrontate dal network 2nd Change, dal recupero di edifici abbandonati al loro rigenero e alla loro ri-concettualizzazione in termini di commons urbani, fino alla necessità di trovare forme di governance, mantenimento e finanziamento per i “giganti addormentati”. I workshop saranno anche l’occasione per un confronto su esempi e best practices provenienti dalle diverse città Europee coinvolte nel network.