Third EU.CA.NET Project in Bologna 17 – 19 October 2017

From Tuesday 17th to Thursday 19th October 2017 the third EUCANET project will be held in Bologna, organized and hosted by the Urban Center Bologna.

The initiative, inaugurated in the presence of Valentina Orioli (Councilor for Urban Planning, Private Household, Environment, Protection and Reconstruction of the Historical Centre),  Giovanni Ginocchini (Director Urban Center Bologna), Valeria Barbi (Urban Projects Coordinator Urban Center Bologna), will include:

  • A public event, dealing with migrants and younger generations, inspired by the good practices of the cities of Skopje (Cluj-Napoca, Romania);
  • A day of visits to places considered as a symbol of urban regeneration and participatory processes;
  • A meeting about the role and the future of the Urban Agencies a few months after the signature of the letter of intent for the establishment of the Italian network of Urban Centers.

There will be on Thursday 19th a policy workshop that will address the roles of urban agencies within the Amsterdam Pact, named “The Amsterdam Pact: what are the main roles to be played by the urban agencies in implementing the pact’s goals? Could the agencies become a cross cutting instrument to be applied within each of the actions described by the Pact?”.

The workshop will start from 10 a.m..

Professor Christian Iaione will be a Keynote Speaker of the policy workshop.

Then, the participants will be divided in 4 groups. The focus of the workshop session will be to discuss on how to increase the commitment of urban agencies within the Amsterdam Pact.

The complete programme is available here.
At the end, from 2:30 pm to 7:00 pm, at the Urban Center Atelier Room, there will be held “New forms of participation”, a meeting of the Urban Center national network and a roundtable with the aim of understanding and tracing the new organizational forms needed to support citizens who want not only to be heard and informed, but also to be enabled for new ways of managing the commons.

EUCANET is the European Agencies Network for citizenship, inclusion, involvement and empowerment of communities through the urban transformation process; it has launched a call for best policies and practices. It is co-founded by the Europe for Citizens Programme and it involves five partners from four countries: Urban Center Metropolitano Torino and Urban Center Bologna from Italy, City of Marseille from France, city of Skopje from Macedonia and Cluj Metropolitan Area Intercommunity Development Association from Romania.

 

Da martedì 17 a giovedì 19 ottobre 2017 si terrà a Bologna, presso Urban Centre Bologna, il terzo appuntamento previsto dal progetto EU.CA.NET. Christian Iaione parteciperà in qualità di Keynote speaker al Policy Workshop che si terrà giovedì 19 a partire dalle 10.

 

Will Robots Destroy Job?

Will Robots Destroy Job?

Nowadays, experts predict that a tipping point in robotic deployments is imminent all over the world. For decades, robotic automation has been developed in several industries, including the automotive and manufacturing sectors and now much of the developed world isn’t prepared for such a radical transition. From the first industrial revolution, to the 1500s, the worry and fear surrounding tech stealing our jobs have been, mostly, overstated.

In the next 20 to 30 years, every commercial sector will be affected by robotic automation. It’s sure that automation will cost workers thousands maybe even millions of jobs[1]. In addition, unfortunately, displaced workers aren’t always the ones who benefit from the new industries automation makes possible.

According to Dr Jing Bing Zhang, one of the world’s leading experts on the commercial applications of robotics technology, “automation and robotics will definitely impact lower-skilled people”.

Data is clear:

  • according to a new report from consultancy firm PwC, automated bots could take nearly four in 10 (38%) jobs in the U.S., and take 30% of jobs in the Germany, 30% in United Kingdom , and 21% Japan.
  • Then, in a recent report, the World Economic Forum predicted that robotic automation will result in the net loss of more than 5 million jobs across 15 developed nations by 2020, a conservative estimate.
  • Anotherstudy, conducted by the International Labor Organization, affirms that as many as 137 million workers in Asia,  namely Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, approximately 56% of the total workforce of those countries are at risk of displacement by robots (in particular, workers in the garment manufacturing industry).

In this scenario, the jobs more likely to be taken over by robots include those in the transportation and storage (56%) sectors, as well as manufacturing (46%) and retail (44%). Against this background, history teaches us that the net result is generally positive.

In an interview for fortune.com, Douglas Peterson, General Manager of the Americans for Universal Robots confirms that robotic automation is already present in different sectors. For example, in machine tending sector, where robots replace workers loading and unloading plastic objection moulding machine all day long. Further, robotic automation is present in pick and place, packaging and in other simple operations such as placing a bead of glue around an object and driving screws down on in a light assembly type applications.

In Mr. Peterson’s view, next markets will be fast food industry, where robot could cut flip burgers, shoes industry (robots measure the shape of your foot and cut a sandal or custom flip-flop of your foot) and assisting surgery where robots can utilize their robotic arm to hold a camera and lighting around the surgical operation.

The rise of technology has made millions upon millions of jobs obsolete throughout history. Chainsaws, for example, have reduced the number of people necessary to harvest wood.

Automobile production robots have reduced the number of people necessary to make cars.  And farming technology completely transformed the way labor was employed throughout the 20th century. Just as in the examples provided, technological automation of dangerous and repetitive tasks frees up labor resources to be used doing more productive and creative tasks. The causes of long-term chronic unemployment have nothing to do with technological automation.

So, it will be necessary thinking innovative ways to deploy the robot in the manufacturing environment in order that workers can think of other ways to improve the process around the machine. Awareness and training is key to exploding this market of collaborate robot (learning about robotics and machine tools is fundamental): reskilling is the key concept. It’s important to provide sustainable mobility and job rotation in order that workers can learn new skills and develop new competences in different fields.

The landscape of work is changing right in front of us: however, an important question isn’t whether robots will take our jobs, but what we will do when they do[2].

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Lo sviluppo tecnologico, nella storia, ha portato spesso alla graduale trasformazione del modello produttivo tradizionale, e la diffusione dell’automazione non fa eccezione. Il passo necessario da compiere per evitare un passaggio traumatico risiede nell’istruire gli individui così da metterli nelle condizioni di fornire un lavoro a valore aggiunto maggiore.

 

[1] M.G.Losano, Il progetto di legge tedesca sull’auto a guida automatizzata, Diritto dell’informazione e dell’informatica 1/2017, p. 1.

[2] T. Dunlop, Why the Future is Workless, University of New South Wales Press (February 1, 2017).

 

Opening of Orti Podere San Ludovico – Agenzia locale Sviluppo Pilastro Nord Est

Opening of Orti Podere San Ludovico – Agenzia locale Sviluppo Pilastro Nord Est

Next Sunday, October 15th, Agenzia locale Sviluppo Pilastro Nord Est will launch the opening of Podere San Ludovico and its 108 Gardens. The event will start from 10.30 a.m. and it will take place in Via Fantoni, 47, San Donato Quarter.

On the total of 108 parcels:

  • 78 will be addressed to the young under-25 Bolognese and families with children;
  • 8 will be the parish of the MastroPilastro association;
  • the rest will remain in the hands of the previous horticulturists, who take care of the place, where November 15 will be officially born FICO.

The inauguration is part of the prestigious frame of the 2nd edition of the Bologna Award 2017 International Prize for Agro-Food Sustainability, which will be held in Bologna on Saturday, October 14, and the Worldfood Festival on 16 October.
The event represents the first stage of the overall regeneration of a property given by the City of Bologna to the Development Agency to foster the development of community social entrepreneurship.

The initiative, promoted by Caab and the Agenzia locale Sviluppo Pilastro Nord Est, together with the Municipality, the San Donato-San Vitale Quarter and the Fico Foundation, aims to make more attractive a city area once characterized by various forms of degradation; the event will be close to the ‘World Food Day’ of next Monday.
Pilastro 2016 is a development project for the area of the Pillar promoted between 2014 and 2016 by the City of Bologna – with the contribution of the Emilia-Romagna Region and the Monte di Bologna and Ravenna Foundation.

On 10th March 2016 the Local Agency of Development Pilastro/ North-East District Onlus was established by its founding members: the City of Bologna, San Donato Quarter, ACER Bologna, Emil Banca, Centro Agroalimentare Bologna, Meraville Shopping Center Consortium and Unipolis Foundation. The Agency has its own statute; it is an open association, placed on the path traced by the Pilastro Project 2016, which provides that the Agency will also be one of the members of the future Community Cooperative.

One of ONLUS’s objectives is to involve other economic and social realities in activities aimed at the development of the area.


Domenica 15 Ottobre, dalle ore 10.30, l’Agenzia locale Sviluppo Pilastro Nord Est inaugurerà i 108 Orti Podere San Ludovico. L’evento si svolgerà in Via Fantoni 47, nel quartiere S. Donato.

 

Value in the Commons Economy

Value in the Commons Economy

In February 2017 the report “Value in the Commons Economy – Developments in Open and Contributory Value Accounting” has been co-published by P2P Foundation and Heinrich Böll Foundation.

The authors, Michael Bauwens and Vasilis Niaros, address several question in the report, like “is anything good coming up from the crisis”, or “is a new system able to grow from within an old one”: they focus on a main thesis, describing the “value crisis” that is affecting our current world as a sign of a silent transformation in our “value system”.

Starting from the analysis of real case studies, the authors try to explore how the new value regimes emerging from pioneering communities can represent a shift towards post-capitalist practices. In the “commons’ transition” approach, that would mean that commons themselves could represent a new economy emerging within the old system.

The report offers an overview on how the new commons-based approaches are attempting to deal with some significant questions regarding the evolution of value, such as:

  • What is value in our “digitalized” and “networked” societies where knowledge commons are playing a fundamental role?
  • What should value be in a world marked by ecological and resource constraints?
  • In a world of social and cultural diversity, can a new value system incorporate all the values that are not recognized by capitalism?

Three main case studies are therefore analyzed, namely: Enspiral, an entrepreneurial coalition of mostly mission-driven entities that calls itself an ‘open cooperative’ because of its commitment to both the production of commons, and an orientation towards the common good, Sensorica, an open collaborative network committed to the design and deployment of sensors and sense-making systems, utilizing open source software and hardware solutions, and Backfeed, a system based on the use of the blockchain ledger, which imagines itself as a full infrastructure for decentralized production, which comes with sophisticated capabilities to develop incentives and express them through crypto-currencies..

Bauwens’ and Niaros’ analysis also shows some different perspectives and approaches regarding what determines values. All the analyzed approaches, however, agree on the fact that we are going through a “value crisis”, characterized by an increasing capacity to create commmon value through commons-based peer production and other practices from the collaborative economy.

The main question that the authors address, in this sense, is not what is value nowadays, but what if value is becoming a driver for change. The possible consequences are mainly two: a complete shift of paradigm, where a translation of capitalism’s features in new terms is necessary, and a scenery of coexistence of the different realities, with the doubt of an effective possibility of preservation of the characteristics of each one.

And what is the role of commons in this shift of paradigm?

In this scenery, Bauwens’ and Niaros’ approach really matches with LabGov’s co-founders’ (prof Sheila Foster and Prof Christian Iaione) one, who in “The City as a Commons” affirm that “What we are interested in is the potential for the commons to provide a framework and set of tools to open up the possibility of more inclusive and equitable forms of “city-making”. The commons has the potential to highlight the question of how cities govern or manage resources to which city inhabitants can lay claim to as common goods, without privatizing them or exercising monopolistic public regulatory control over them.”

LabGov is in fact currently carrying out a research on the CoCities approach, investigating what are the variables that conduct a city in the process of a commons transition. The output of the research will be soon available on www.commoning.city

The full report is available here: http://commonstransition.org/value-commons-economy/


A febbraio 2017 è stato pubblicato il report Value in the Commons Economy – Developments in Open and Contributory Value Accountingche analizza il concetto di valore e quale sia la sua prospettiva e il ruolo dei beni comuni nel cambio di paradigma che la crisi sta generando

Save the date: primo modulo di LabGov EDU 2017/2018

Save the date: primo modulo di LabGov EDU 2017/2018

Save the date!
Venerdì 20 e sabato 21 ottobre primo modulo di LabGov EDU 2017/2018!

Venerdì, dalle 16. 00 alle 18.00 in aula 308/c avremo ospite il prof. Francesco Rullani,  esperto di implicazioni organizzative, strategiche e manageriali dell’adozione di modelli di produzione di conoscenza aperti, che presenterà un intervento su Social Innovation e Social Entrepreneurship come nuovi strumenti per affrontare nuovi sfide.

Durante l’ultima ora del venerdì i labgovers verranno formati per il co-working del sabato.

Sabato la giornata sarà interamente dedicata al primo co-working dell’anno: divisi in gruppi, i labgovers tramite tecniche di co-design inizieranno a progettare sul tema del Social Business.

L’appuntamento successivo di LabGov EDU al 17-18 novembre!