The second day of co-working session, held on October the 15th begun with Eloisa Susanna’s general outlook about other active projects, similar to #coRome, spread all over Italy.Eloisa,a young architect,rapidly commemorated the G124 project,launched by Renzo Piano in which great relevance is given to peripheral areas and the imperative need of maintenance trough micro-surgical interventions,this is what the Otranto project of 1979 was about.In general,this procedure implies two fundamental principles:first of all it has to be interest-based,secondly it has to be performed through a collaborative process that consist in framing and contextualizing the city of Rome and its surrounding territory,focusing on those areas that constitute a patrimonial identity.
Than,Claudio Gnessi explained the explosive role of the Ecomuseo Casino Ad Duas Lauros (www.ecomuseocasilino.it). This institution owns much to the “comunità di eredità” which actively engaged in several partecipative laboratories,with the common goal to define the space in which cultural and natural sites have previously been identified.The actual plan is focused in Tor Pignattara,a neighborhood where around 130 cultural resources were mapped,thanks to the fruitful work of a social network composed by inhabitants of that neighborhood but also public and private actors.It is important to underline the social consequence brought by this initiative:cooperation was promoted among different religious and cultural realities,unified by a shared interest and motivated by common moral values.
Right after the Labgovers productively engaged in a workshop that consisted in reporting on a widespread map four different topic developed with the aid of expert mentors and of Alessandra and Urio, the co-founders of the newborn Community for the Public Park of Centocelle.The participants were divided into four groups,namely:Mobility, Accessibility, Potentialities and Public Services.
The first group,”mobility”,identified which public transport are easily available both from the center and the outskirt of Rome:the main one are the “trenino laziale” and the tram “19”.Than the participants focused over the potentialities that the park could offer if,in one hand,the pedestrian accessibility was open on both sides of the park’s perimeter and,on the other side,the bicycle route,know as GRAB, could pass trough the park instead of in its proximity.
The second group,”accessibility”,listed more accurately all the potential resources that the park could make available.Surprisingly the V Municipal seems to be blessed by so many cultural sites that could re-animate the entire area from a touristic perspective,but also for the sole purpose of embellish the neighborhood.
A third group ,”potentialities”,brought to light many critical matters such as security and sanitary issues,in fact the park has several abusive occupied zone,not omitting the wasted paper and rubbish that pollutes the park everywhere.
The fourth group;”public services”,classified and mapped all the accessible public services around the PaC zone,such as churches, schools,parks,cultural attractions,theaters and cinemas.-
As it emerges from the images,the V Municipality has extraordinary potentialities,however,due to its marginalized position,its shabby’s first appearance,and the elevate conglomeration of immigrants and religious identities, its efficiency is completely unexploited and its integrity is gradually decreasing and deteriorating running the risk to fall in the oblivion.
The meeting ended up with Stefania Favorito’s speech over the importance of the park from an archaeological point of view,the park is surrounded by historical sites such as the Villa Ad Duas Lauros,il Forte Casino,la Villa della Piscina,la Vecchio Osteria,all dated back from the republican era until the XIX century,plus the natural resources of l’Agro Romano,il Canneto,l’Agri-Fauna and the whole park of Centocelle.It is important to be mature the awareness to understand what this park does symbolize for the cohabitants of the V Municipality, how this zone reflects their feeling of social marginalization and how this project give them the possibility to join a community in which moral and civic values are promoted and cooperation constantly active.( http://parcocentostelle.net )
“CO-Cities and CO-Territories”, how to create cities and territories where we can share, cooperate and collaborate. This was the theme of the Second Edition of the Sharing School which took place in the city of Matera, European Capital of Culture 2019, from the 27th of April to the 1rst of May. The School, organized by LabGov, Casa Netural, Collaboriamo and Progetto RENA, with Airbnb as a sponsor, offered to all its participants the perfect occasion to understand why and how we need to re-design urban and rural areas in the age of sharing economy, with the guidance of numerous instructors highly experienced in this field.
Just arrived in Matera, the students had a warm welcome in the beautiful location of Casa Natural, where a Welcome Sharing Party took place, an occasion for everyone to learn more about the Sharing School, its program and its organizers, but even more to get to know each other and to socialize while sharing a marvelous dinner prepared by the chef Gino. The day after, everyone was eager to begin.
28 April: The first one who took the floor and opened the works of the sharing School was Marta Mainieri, founder of
Collaboriamo, who introduced us to world of sharing economy by tracing its history from 2011, when people rediscovered the importance of sharing and cooperating as an answer to the economic crisis, to our days, where the sharing economy is in continuous evolution. We then looked at two cases of cities in which the principles of collaboration are put into practice. Michele D’Alena presented the case of CO-Bologna, where a collaborative city was built by the five actors of polycentric governance working together and generating the Bologna Regulation. The case of Campi Bisenzio was then introduced by Rosanna Prevete, project manager of Progetto RENA, who spoke about how sharing economy can be promoted in the context of a smaller city, by combining resilience and collaboration. It is important not to forget that collaboration does not end when we leave the street and enter the house, as Marta Corubolo (HousingLab and Polimi DESIS Lab) showed us by talking about the collaborative housing.
A fundamental point underlined by Saveria Teston, urban strategist freelance, in her presentation of the process to define the strategic masterplan for the regeneration of the ex SADAM area in Jesi (belonging to the Maccaferri Group), is to always begin from what is already present on the territory and to start from there with the co-design project, involving in it as many actors with as many competences as possible. This point perfectly applies to what is being done in the CO-Roma project by LabGov: as Eloisa Susanna explains, for each context in which you work you have to design a suitable form of governance, and act in order to accelerate those processes that are already in place.
Collaboration takes different forms, and a beautiful example of this is the Ecomuseo Mare Memoria Viva of Palermo, a project presented by Cristina Alga, which contributes not only to the regeneration of the city, but also to the one of its community.
Alongside with all these enriching interventions, the first day of Sharing School also saw the presentations of the five selected projects, which have then been the focus of the co-working and co-design laboratory engaging the students in the following days. The First project was Collaborative polis – sharing neighborhoods for an inclusive community, presented by Silvia Sitton, who aims at physically building a collaborative neighborhood, which will be the basis for the creation of a culture of collaboration. Similarly the project Civic Crowd Founding for Formigine, introduced by Giorgia Bartoli, wants to increase collaboration by transferring new competences to the community and creating deeper links between citizens and between associations. Another project is Valnerina Smart Land, brought to us by Marco Ferrucci, who imagines a way to regenerate the area with endogenous actions originating from the territory. Another interesting reality was presented by Rossella Lombardozzi, founder of Officine On/Off, a cooperative who works to support youth employability through the development of competences then will then be given back to the community in the form of increased social capital. The last project, introduced by Lucia Lupi, was First Life, a platform which works as an archive creating connections between actors present on the territory according to their interests.
To end the day with a bang, all the partecipants had to collaborate and find their way around without getting lost between the beautiful and ancient Sassi of Matera.
29 April: “the human being is a lacking animal, who has as its only resource its ability to adapt to the environment he encounters”. With this quote, the sociologist Falviano Zandonai began his considerations on the “CO” Organizations, where CO stands for Commons but also for Collaboration and Cooperation, two practices which are components of the human nature and need to be brought back into our practice through a social innovation process. In line with this idea is the reasoning of Professor Christian Iaione, coordinator of LabGov, who stated that competitive or collaborative people do not exist – what exists instead are the conditions that make a person competitive or collaborative, and it is on this conditions that we need to work. But how can we work on this? Many elements of reflection came from Annibale D’Elia (Bollenti Spiriti), who spoke about the importance of changing the metaphor we use to look at reality in order to change ideas. We have to move from a view of society as an organism, with a head taking decisions, to a view of society as a net in which everyone is connected and collaborates. Seeing society as a net of interconnected people also involves a change in which services are designed, from the bidirectional relationship between supplier and consumer to collaborative services activated through the participation of all actors: this is what Daniela Selloni, service designer and creator of Cittadini Creativi, proposes. Collaboration can be found also in techonology, as Lorenzo Brambille, co-founder of Collaboriamo, explained us: from the PDF and HTML to Open Source and Copyleft, some technologies are born to be collaborative and to increase collaboration by granting access to everyone.
Overflowing with new information, the students spent the afternoon working on the co-design of the five projects, profiting of the instrument and the support offered to them by GuglielmoApolloni, Marta Mainieri and Andrea Paoletti. But it doesn’t get over here: in the evening we came together in Casa Natural to discuss with Matteo Stifanelli, Airbnb Country Manager for Italy, about the risks and opportunities involved in a kind of hospitality that wants to transform the tourist in a temporary citizen. At the meeting were present also some local stakeholders, interested in discussing the hospitality options that could be suitable for Matera 2019.
30 April: Which are the new competences needed in the age of sharing economy? A combination of new and old competences, strengthened faith and growing relationships are, according to Andrea Pugliese (Progetto RENA), fundamental in increasing resilience, both of the individual and of the community.
The experience of Casa Netural (co-founded by Andrea Paoletti and Mariella Stella) shows us that by experimenting we can face some failures, but we are able to build a community based on simple and strong relationships, like the ones that we cultivate in our home. By going on the territory we manage to create connections, to activate idea and to write a new story of the territory which is shared and participated. One more examples of how sharing economy can generate social inclusion comes from the project Sfrutta Zero, a cooperative reality which includes migrants, farmers and young unemployed by giving them a job and by getting them involved in the construction of a clean and collaborative production chain. The tomato sauce produced by Sfrutta Zero becomes a locally produced alternative to the big distribution chains, and allows for better conditions of workers and empowerment of migrants and local farmers. All these examples stimulate us to reflect on which form of governance can allow the creation of more collaborative and inclusive cities. As Professor Christian Iaione tells us, the city needs to become a laboratory, in which people not only make use of the urban commons, but they also collaborate in their care and regeneration as “ the community is the one who defines the governance’s perimeter, so we need to work from the bottom to build a cohesive system”.
After a second afternoon dedicated to the further development of the students’ projects, Claudio Gnessi presented us the experience of ILoveTorpigna, the regeneration process that is taking place in the Roman neighborhood of Torpignattara.
1 May: The Sharing School was approaching an end, but before parting we had the occasion to present the 5 projects in their new form, resulting from the co-design process to which all the students and experts contributed. From Officine On/Off, to the Civic Crowdfounding for Formigine, Valnerina Smart Land, First Life and Collaborative Poleis, all the projects resulted enriched from the collaborative process, and the participants managed to design the next steps towards the achievements of their objectives.
The Second Edition of the Sharing School came to an end, and the moment arrived for all the participants to leave, but there is much that we will all bring home from this experience. The Sharing School taught us the importance of experimenting with new ideas without being afraid of failing, of starting from what we have and changing the metaphor we use to look at reality, of building the conditions needed for everyone to become collaborative. It was an occasion to learn, from the experts who shared their knowledge with us but also from all the participants who shared their ideas, projects and energies.
We say goodbye to everyone, knowing that this is only the beginning and many occasions will come to gather again and keep working towards the construction of collaborative cities, territories, communities and beings!
- Here is the link to professors presentations
- Here if the link to participants projects
Si è tenuta a Matera, dal 27 Aprile all’1 Maggio, la seconda edizione della Sharing School, organizzata da LabGov, Casa Netural, Collaboriamo e Progetto RENA, con Airbnb come sponsor. I lavori quest’anno si sono concentrati sul tema CO-Città e CO-territori, città e territori collaborativi nei quali si condivide, si coopera, si collabora, si “comuna”, e la Sharing School si è rivelata l’occasione perfetta per riflettere su perché, in che modo e con chi riprogettare le aree urbane e interne al tempo dell’economia collaborativa. Gli studenti hanno avuto modo di imparare molto, non solo dal confronto con docenti dotati di un profilo di alto livello ma anche dallo scambio d’idee, progetti ed energie che ha coinvolto tutti i partecipanti.
On February 4 and 5 City Makers from across 60 cities in the Netherlands and Europe will exchange know-how and experience, during a two day conference in preparation of the City Makers Summit where LabGov will participate . The networks of Nieuw Nederland- Steden in Transitie and New Europe – Cities in Transition will further develop and work on the input for the City Makers Agenda, to inspire the EU Urban Agenda. Co-creating the City Makers Agenda towards the New Europe City Makers Summit.
The goal of the meeting is to face up the problem of the city and take up initiatives , ideas , project that could improve the livability of their cities.
The City Makers will deal about how redevelop neglected brownfields; start community enterprises to create jobs in the neighbourhood, rethink food production through urban farming, address increasing vacancy of shops and industrial heritage or promote a more sustainable use of existing resources alltogether. Our cities face many contemporary challenges, but thanks to initiatives such as City Market it is possible to aim to innovative solutions for the cities. City Makers will turn every problem into a resource for their cities.
On February 4 and 5 they will co-create the City Makers Agenda that will provide insight in how make sure that the best practices flourish and accelerate, how can City Makers combine their societal impact with sustainable business models, which could be the aspect of new roles of governament and which rules could be simply adjusted to support the works of City Makers .
There will be 12 Expert sessions on :
(1 session about : Coperative Area Devolpment into which will discuss about the role of the public developer and what is needed from the local government , responsible for the civic space and the quality of its entire city .
(2 session about: Alternative Finance into which City Makers will talk about new ways of city making that are calling for alternative financial channels and instruments.
(3 session about: Co-creation citizens and the government into which City Makers will focus on this changing role between the government and citizens and especially on the co-creation between their.
(4 session about: Online Platforms into which City Makers with some good examples of online platforms will explore the power of online world.
(5 session about Redesigning Democracy into which City Makers will redesign democracy in the city making process
(6 session about: Social Entrepreneurship into which City Makers will explore how idealism can be combined with a sustainable business model, and the necessity of a European legal form for social enterprises in order to encorporate a social mission in their organizational structure.
(7 session about: Value Creation into which City Makers will discuss about how are exactly created value by City Makers how is the economical , social and ecological value measured and how it can be ensured that the value is captured by the parties who created it.
(8 session about: Open Data into which City Makers will talk about how can open data improve efficiency and effectiveness of government services and help create innovative (bottom-up) solutions to the urban challenges of our time?
(9 session about: Budgetmonitoring
(10 session about: Circular Economy into which City Makers will redesing the future in a way in which production leads to limited waste and pollution and in which building systems are restorative and regenerative.
(11 session about :Community Building into which City Makers will share stories of communities from the Netherlands and Europe.
(12 session about:Community Rights.
Il 4 e 5 febbraio si incontreranno ad Amesteram i City Makers (creatori di città ), provenienti da tutta Olanda e Europa , per scambiarsi idee e esperienze ; daranno vita ad una conferenza in preparazione del City Makers Summit alla quale LabGov sarà presente. L’obiettivo dell’incontro è quello di affrontare il problema della città ; prendere iniziative, idee, progetti che potrebbero migliorarne la vivibilità. I creatori della città si occuperanno di come riqualificare aree dismesse e trascurate; di come avviare le imprese della comunità per creare posti di lavoro nel quartiere ; di come ripensare la produzione alimentare attraverso l’agricoltura urbana e di come promuovere insieme un uso più sostenibile delle risorse delle città.
Co-creation, cooperation, participatory governance, cross-fertilization, audience development, etc. are key issues on the current debate on cultural policy and management. In this field, participation can take many forms at different levels, such as policy formulation and implementation, management, production and artistic creation. A wide range of projects, documents and practices illustrate an important shift in the role of citizens, consumers, communities and spectators in this field.
Ecology of culture: community engagement, co-creation and cross-fertilization was the title of the 23rd annual conference of ENCATC-European network of cultural administration training centres, which took place in Lecce on 21-23 October 2015. The keynote speaker John Holden, Visiting Professor at City University of London and Honorary Professor, University of Hong Kong, presented his report on the ecology of culture, entitled “the complex interdependencies that shape the demand for and production of arts and cultural offerings” (Markussen, 2011). According to him, culture should be analysed from an ecological point of view, as an eco-system rather than a simple economic sector. Discussions, exchanges and papers of young researchers from 34 different countries clearly show how participation is becoming a crucial issue in many ongoing practices in the cultural sector, and indicates that this requires further analysis.
At the European level, some key documents and projects point out this new participatory trend.
The Council conclusions on the participatory governance of cultural heritage (2014) constitute an important recognition of cultural heritage as a “shared resource” and of participatory governance as an opportunity “to foster democratic participation, sustainability and social cohesion and to face the social, political and demographic challenges of today”.
An interesting Mapping of practices in the EU Member States on Participatory governance of cultural heritage has also been conducted and published in June 2015 by the EENC-European Expert Network on Culture, in the context of the OMC Working groups on cultural heritage established by the Work Plan for culture 2015-2018. A variety of case studies concerning participatory practices from different European countries has been analyzed, including both top-down and bottom-up projects. Among these are the Italian project of CO-Bologna, Cities as common goods by LabGov, and the Italian case of La Paranza, an experience of participatory governance of the Paleochristian Catacombs in the city of Naples, by a group of young people from Rione Sanità, a disadvantaged neighbourhood in the city centre.
At the same time, many European projects are experimenting with news forms of participation. For example, ADESTE– Audience DEveloper: Skills and Training in Europe aims to develop new kinds of relationships with citizens, through the new profile of “Audience developer” in the fields of arts and culture. Or the project BeSpectACTive! promotes the active involvement of spectators in the contemporary performing arts. Two other interesting projects focus on the communities in the field of archaeology (NEARCH project) or museums (Creative museum).
In Italy, an interesting discussion on the topic of participatory governance of cultural heritage took place during ArtLab, Fondazione Fitzcarraldo’s annual meeting on cultural management (Lecce, 23-26 September 2015) in a dedicated session, where prof. Christian Iaione, LabGov coordinator, focused on the fundamental requirements for participatory governance.
Beyond rhetoric, real challenges are linked to the effectiveness of participation practices in the cultural field in terms of democratization, empowerment, capabilities development and, of course, sustainability. Experiment in progress, stay tuned!
Il 21-23 Ottobre si è tenuta a Lecce la 23° conferenza dell’ENCATC “European network of cultural administration training centers. Il titolo della conferenza “Ecology of culture: community engagement, co-creation and cross-fertilzation” è in linea che con i nuovi progetti di politiche pubbliche che comprendono e considerano il cittadino parte attiva della società.
A livello Europeo sono tanti i progetti che si stanno sviluppando in questa direzione come Co-Bologna di Labgov, il progetto BeSpectACTive, and ADESTE.