It is time for FORUM PA 2017

It is time for FORUM PA 2017

What is the role that public administrations should – and must – have in the creation of a new economic development paradigm able to generate sustainable and equitable wellbeing? This question will be at the heart of the series of conferences and workshops organized within the framework of FORUM PA 2017, which will take place from the 23rd to the 25th of May in Rome.

The common thread will be given by the Global Agenda for Sustainable Development and by the related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), that the General Assembly of the United Nations aims to achieve by 2030.

Within this general framework, the participants will discuss the importance of innovating public administration in order to provide answers to the pressing and ever growing issues faced by citizens. From unemployment to the right to health care, from raising inequalities to concerns about security, and much more. It is important for the PA to speak not only about itself and with itself, but to focus instead on why this innovation is deeply needed.

To be able to address these complex themes, the program of the convention is organized into 4 different kind of events: “scenarios”, “thematic conferences, “workshops” and “academies”. The complete program of the event is available here.

LabGov will take part in several events:

On the 23rd Professor Christian Iaione, LabGov’s coordinator, together with Giovanni Vetritto, from  the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, will be chair of a conference titled “Sharing and Local Public Services”, which will take place from 9h30 to 11h30.

In the afternoon, from 14h30 to 18h00, we will be present during the conference “Social Innovation and Municipalities: from experimentations to policies”, promoted in collaboration with ANG, ANCI and RENA.

On the 24th Professor Christian Iaione will be chair of a conference titled “PARTICIPATION: models, policies and interventions in Italian cities”, an event which is developed within the framework of the Integrated project on Participation and Communication promoted by the Municipality of Palermo, which will be represented during the conference by Giusto Catania, Councillor for Participation, Communication, Decentralization, Demographic Services and Migration. The event will take place from 11h45 to 13h30.

On the 25th, during the national meeting of Italian cities participating in the URBACT network, which will go on from 11h00 to 14h00, Professor Christian Iaione will give a speech on the topic “Italian cities, between innovation and participation”.




FORUM PA 2017 sta per iniziare: dal 23 al 25 maggio a Roma si terranno una serie di conferenze e workshops, attraverso cui si affronterà il tema dell’innovazione nella pubblica amministrazione. L’interrogativo con cui questa edizione di FORUM PA vuole confrontarsi è quello del ruolo che le amministrazioni pubbliche possono e devono avere nella costruzione di uno sviluppo economico e sociale che garantisca benessere equo e sostenibile.

Il programma completo dell’evento è disponibile qui.



Digital Economy and democracy, a dialogue on social inclusion

Digital Economy and democracy, a dialogue on social inclusion

On March 23rd-25th, LabGov took part in the Brussels Forum, the annual high-level meeting of the most influential North American and European political, corporate, and intellectual leaders aiming at addressing pressing challenges currently facing both sides of the Atlantic. Between the participants were heads of state, senior officials from the European Union institutions and the member states, U.S. Cabinet officials, Congressional representatives, Parliamentarians, academics, and media. The event offered the exceptional chance to share views on a wide array of themes, from the digital economy and social inclusion to the ability of nation states to retain democratic control over economic decision-making processes.

@Picture from GMF website

Brussels Forum is an international conference convening every year in March in Brussels, organized by the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF), a non-partisan American public policy and grant-making institution dedicated to promoting better understanding and cooperation between North America and Europe on transatlantic and global issues. Founded in 1972 through a gift from Germany as a permanent memorial to Marshall Plan assistance, GMF maintains a strong presence on both sides of the Atlantic. In addition to its headquarters in Washington, DC, GMF has six offices in Europe: Berlin, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, Ankara, and Bucharest. GMF also has smaller representations in Bratislava, Turin, and Stockholm. GMF supports individuals and institutions working in the transatlantic sphere, by convening leaders and members of the policy and business communities, by contributing to research and analysis on transatlantic topics, and by providing exchange opportunities to foster renewed commitment to the transatlantic relationship. In addition, GMF supports a number of initiatives to strengthen democracies.

As a matter of fact, leaders on both sides of the Atlantic continue to deepen transatlantic cooperation on a vast array of distinctly new and global challenges, from the international financial crisis to the digital economy, democratic participation and the changing work market. Brussels Forum, this year in its 12th edition, has provided a venue for the transatlantic community to address these pressing issues. By bringing together leading politicians, thinkers, journalists, and business representatives, Brussels Forum helps shape a new transatlantic agenda that can adapt to changing global realities and new threats.

@Picture from GMF website

LabGov was present at the third panel titled “Inclusive Innovation: Can the Digital Economy Benefit Everyone?”. The background? The status of inequality perceived in both sides of the Atlantic.

“Inequality has been a major topic of transatlantic policy discourse for years. But despite the attention, statistics continue to show a rather dim outlook: the incomes of the top 1 percent in America are 38 times higher than those of the bottom 90 percent, while 9.8 percent of EU citizens are unemployed. Much of that unemployment is concentrated in countries like Greece, Spain, and Italy, whose economic situations have threatened to politically destabilize the Union in its entirety. The digital economy could provide a pathway toward achieving more inclusive and sustainable growth.”

Modarated by Ms Sylke Tempel, Editor-in-Chief of the Berlin Policy Journal, the discussion was enriched by the keynote speeches of the four high-level panelists: Ms. Caroline Atkinson, Head of Global Public Policy at Google; Mr. Robert Atkinson, President of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation; Mr. Ambroise Fayolle, Vice- President of the European Investment Bank; and Dr. James Manyika, Director of the McKinsey Global Institute.

They tried to answer the following core questions:

  • How can we ensure that all citizens are able to unlock the benefits of this new era?
  • How do we need to change policy and investment approaches to ensure that people benefit from, recognize,and are better able to take advantage of the opportunities presented by the digital economy?
  • Given the current political environment on both sides of the Atlantic, how can a transatlantic conversationaround innovation for inclusive growth benefit leaders in both public policy and the private sector?
As a matter of fact, “embracing technological innovation provides unprecedented opportunities for education, employment, showcasing talents, and making global connections, contributing to higher growth. Here, statistics provide a more optimistic outlook: SMEs that use the web to connect them to global markets experience 22 percent higher revenue growth than those that stay offline. However, despite policy doctrines and investment programs, too few structural changes have been implemented to deliver the type of transformative progress demanded by U.S. and European publics. As a result, political rhetoric increasingly seems to be reacting against the potential of technological progress and the promise of the digital economy, to the detriment of the publics, SME’s and effective public policy.”

Trade and innovation have lifted millions out of poverty, raising standards of living around the world. But the benefits of an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world have not been shared by all. An issue of democratic participation is on the table as the impacts of this unfair distribution eroded public trust in institutions and governments. Hence, public faith in the pillars of society has vanished. Here are a few insights on how participation, access and education can improve the democratization of innovation and technological development.

The Brussel Forum speeches can be found in streaming here: announcement


Dal 23 al 25 marzo ha avuto luogo il Forum di Bruxelles, l’evento che ogni anno raduna leader politici, intellettuali, giornalisti e rappresentanti di grandi aziende europei e nord-americani con lo scopo di affrontare le complesse sfide che interessano entrambi i lati dell’Atlantico. In questa dodicesima edizione del forum i partecipanti si sono confrontati su importanti tematiche, dalla crisi finanziaria internazionale all’economia digitale, dalla democrazia partecipativa ai cambiamenti nel mercato globale.

LabGov ha assistito alla panel discussion “Inclusive Innovation: Can the Digital Economy Benefit Everyone?”. Durante la discussione diversi esperti si sono confrontati sul tema delle diseguaglianze e sulla necessità di trovare una nuova modalità di redistribuzione che consenta a tutti di godere dei benefici delle numerose innovazioni tecnologiche che caratterizzano la nostra epoca.


DigiPay4Growth: how digital payments can stimulate local and regional growth

DigiPay4Growth: how digital payments can stimulate local and regional growth


DigiPay4Growth, a project co-financed by the EU, aims at generating a new economic model in order to find a solution to the economic crisis that is affecting the Eurozone. The idea is to implement a new system of digital payments (DPS – digital payment system) through a business network, in order to stimulate local and regional economic growth.

The software produced, Cyclos, has been tested in four pilot regions: Britols, Sardinia, Catalonia and the Netherlands. As explained by the website, it creates a system where purchasing powers is “trapped” within a local system for a specific amount of elapsed time so to increase economic activity and provide more income for local businesses while it remains in a networked business of SMEs.

Cyclos channelled inflows of purchasing powers from different sources in order to finance the development of SMEs in the regional and local economy. The three-year project, partially funded under the ICT Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP) as part of the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme by the European Community, involved 10,000 Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). Those SMEs circulated around EUR 34 million of digital payments.

Through the DPS, and by means of the Cyclos software, local and regional institutions optimized their revenues. SMEs could have more credit and consumers received bonuses if they supported local and regional SMEs.

In fact, the DPS worked on two different levels:

  • Conditioning (government) expenditures to positively increase of the local/regional multiplier effect of those expenditures;
  • Providing a counter cyclical credit to SMEs, named also Social Trade Credit. Though this mean actors that will benefit from the inflow of credit within a specific supply chain, are also contributing to the cost of credit risk.

Find out more here.


DigiPay4Growth, progetto co-finanziato dalla Commissione Europea, propone un nuovo sistema digitale di pagamenti volto a stimolare la crescita economia a livello regionale e locale. Scopri di più qui.

Italia Creativa

Italia Creativa


How would Italy be without its creativity and what does it matter in Italy creativity?

Carlo Verdone said that it would be a great drought. The creative and cultural sector in Italy involves almost 1 million people, and is worth 2.9% of GDP. Dario Franceschini stresses the importance of thinking about the future , about came back to making Italy the country of arts and beauty. Gianni Letta defines the culture and creativity of Italy as a daughter of the other, they may grow you need to invest in a coordinated education and in school. The task of the institutions and schools, says Walter Veltroni is to help new ways to emerge. The private sector is to experiment. The artists to be creative. Filippo Sugar said that :”creative Italy is the heart and brain of the economic body of our country.” Ferruccio De Bortoli reminds us that many of us may mistakenly think that culture is a cost ,while it is a great investment, each of us must support this thought and becoming ambassador, proud of italian culture and Italian creativity. In a stronger way Monica Maggioni by a  old saying “if you think the cost culture try with ignorance.”

the creative industry in Italy is undervalued. The three pillars are the future of Italy “creativity, culture, community,” underlines Maurizio Costa, and in this the role of Italian cities is to be spread factories culture says Stefano Boeri.

What is Italia creativa?

Italia Creativa is the first study that presents the Industry of Culture and Italian Creativity through a global vision: quantitative and qualitative, of the situation and perspective. The goal is to focus, the attention of the public, on this crucial sector, in which our leadership is undisputed but not sufficiently valued or recognized.

Creativity and culture are part of the highest expressions of the heritage of a people, constituting at the same time the wealth of a society. Italy, in particular, enjoys a creative and cultural prestigious past, unique in the world. Suffice it to say that our country has the largest number of sites declared World Heritage by UNESCO.

Creativity and culture have, however, also an important social and economic value, both in terms of turnover, is employment.

The study is born from the intuition that this world, as a whole, is one of the key drivers of growth present and future of the country. We want to highlight the need to support this industry, so that its role may become even more central to our economic system.

Our greatest desire is to be able to work together. We would like that all sectors and all the people of Industry of Culture and Italian Creativity could benefit from the project of Italian cuisine. To this end we have been involved the main associations of the sector, without whose membership of a study of this size and of this relief would have been impossible. We hope to be able to take a first step, together, towards the construction of the “Creative Italy” brand.

Italian photographer Creative Industry of Culture and Italian Creativity very important figures, both from the economic value perspective (almost 47 billion euro in 2014) and from the number of employees (nearly one million in the same year).

These considerable numbers translate into a leading role in the national economic landscape. The comparison with other macro-productive sectors raises the creative industry in a leading position.

The significance could rise further, at least judging from the value generated share of the total national GDP. Better results are possible: takes courage, awareness, additional efforts and especially collegiality.

most of us  don’t know that the Industry of Culture and Creativity in Italy has generated, in 2014, a total economic value of 46.8 billion euro. 86% derived from activities directly related to the creative industry, such as design, production and distribution of works and cultural and creative services. The remaining 14% are made up of indirect revenues, is related to collateral activities or subsidiaries.

In 2014, the Industry of Culture and Creativity gave employment to almost one million people, of which 85% in direct economic activities industry. With about 850,000 jobs, direct employment in the Industry of Culture and Creativity represent 3.8% of total employment in Italy.

The Industry of Culture and Creativity is confirmed then not only a human capital-intensive sector, but also among the first in Italy for number of total employees, surpassing sectors such as food production, the luxury, the automotive industry , the chemical industry and more.

which are the ambitions of Italia Creativa for the future?

At European level, the creative industry is worth between 3.1% and 3.5% of GDP. To give a “readable size” to the ambitions of Italia Creativa , it may be interesting to compare with one of the countries most culturally close to us: France.

Compared to the French, the Industry of Culture and Italian Creativity weighs on GDP around 0.9 percentage points lower. If we succeed in Italy, teaming and protecting the sector, for the supply chain to express the same share of GDP that characterizes France, it would be 15 billion additional euro. The creative industry will thus increase from 40 billion to 55 billion euro and would generate more than 300,000 new jobs, for a total of nearly 1.2 million jobs.

The Industry of Culture and Creativity is part of a national context which, as is known, is characterized by a prolonged period of economic crisis. In recent years the competitiveness of the Italian system of settlements showed that they are naturally discharged on the overall profitability of the national operators and, therefore, also on the creative industry.

It is evident, therefore, as Italia Creativa, by virtue of the weight of the sector in GDP, should aim, for herself and for the country, to meet the challenge of the Italian competitiveness in the world. It speaks of a diverse supply chain, not only at high rate of “creative innovation” but also a high rate of human capital and strongly oriented to the exploitation of the new generations. In fact, the more open they are usually the younger generation, to new ideas and new models. They are the ones who “speak, think and consume digital.”

That of digital is another challenge that must be won. Industry players will need to rethink their business models, open to intra and inter-sectoral collaboration, exceed our own particularities and aim to make the team.

It is with these challenges in mind that for the first edition of the study, Italia Creativa  2015, it was decided to thoroughly address two issues considered particularly important by all parties involved, through cross-cutting insights compared to the eleven areas:

• The culture of the engine of development for the country: an opportunity for young

• The remuneration of creativity on digital channels

The two investigations, which precede the treatments related to the eleven areas of Industry of Culture and Creativity, aim to propose issues for analysis and reflection on topics to today much debated, in an attempt to launch concrete messages to institutional operators and the economic operators of our country.

The study is intended primarily as an opportunity to offer to the operators of all the sectors that deal with creativity and culture to confront, to converge on common themes, to define perimeters and comparability metrics, in order to increase almost naturally, knowing another better, the ability to work as a team and the ability to move in a coordinated manner in addressing the challenges posed by the overall economic environment and the evolutionary dynamics of the industry.

Today more than ever you need a concentrated effort in identifying the most practical and effective ways of exploiting and, I would say more, monetization of a truly significant industrial heritage for our country, perhaps the only one that can guarantee, in its manifestations direct and indirect (such as,

limited to cultural tourism), competitive advantages and differentiators obvious, large and long-lasting than in other countries.

To conclude we cite Michelangelo Pistoletto who says that “ this boot should give a kick to his culture.”


Creatività e cultura sono la ricchezza di una società, l’espressione di un popolo.

L’Italia, in particolare, vanta un passato creativo e culturale prestigioso, unico al mondo. Italia Creativa nasce per evidenziare la necessità di sostenere e valorizzare l’Industria della Cultura e della Creatività nel nostro Paese, che rappresenta oggi un valore economico e sociale importante, sia in termini di volume d’affari che di occupazione.

Lo studio  di Italia Creativa vuole essere innanzi tutto un’occasione da offrire agli operatori di tutti i comparti che si occupano di creatività e cultura per confrontarsi, per convergere su temi comuni, per definire perimetri e metriche di comparabilità, al fine di incrementare quasi in modo naturale, conoscendosi meglio reciprocamente, la capacità di fare squadra e la capacità di muoversi in maniera coordinata nell’affrontare le sfide poste dall’attuale contesto economico complessivo e dalla dinamica evolutiva dell’industria stessa.

Mai come oggi è necessario uno sforzo di concentrazione nell’identificare le più concrete ed efficaci modalità di valorizzazione, di monetizzazione di un patrimonio industriale veramente ingente per l’Italia, forse l’unico a poter garantire, nelle sue manifestazioni dirette ed indirette, vantaggi competitivi ed elementi di differenziazione evidenti, ampi e duraturi rispetto agli altri Paesi.

LEARN TO KNOW. Workshop November 13th: Mapping and understanding the territory.

LEARN TO KNOW. Workshop November 13th: Mapping and understanding the territory.


On 13 November at the LUISS Campus of Viale Romania, LabGovers met several experts who carried out in Rome  experiences of digital, institutional and scientific  mapping.

13 NOV

With them they discussed on the importance of mapping as a tool of knowledge and reaserch on the territories, as well as an opportunity to adopt a different view and a chance to experiment alternative ways  to transform the city. Mapping means to find places, structures, realities and, consequently, activators of innovation. Namely those people who “lit the spark” transforming the urban assets (tangible and intangible) in commons. The first speaker was Ilaria Vitellio, urban planner and founder of Mappina, a platform of collaborative mapping that gives a different view on cultural cities through critical  contributions of its inhabitants. Her project was born in Naples, including 430 mappers, the core idea is to enable anyone to geotag photos, videos, sounds and texts to redefine the image of the city by its own subjects. Here mapping the city goes through a collective narrative experience. Mappina uses online activities, they organize several workshops on “mapping and re-imagining” the abandoned spaces to reclaim these places according to their actual needs and according to desires of the citizens. The collaborative mapping allows not only to read a map, but it can be rewritten based on the experiences and knowledge of the community on which it is tailored and to which it is addressed.

The evening continued with Liliana Grasso, Mattia Diletti, Silvia Lucciarini, researchers and coordinators of MappailPD, a project born with the aim of assessing the path of the Democratic Party in Rome.

This kind of method try to find the strengths and weaknesses, the good aspects as well as the negativities of the city, starting with the construction of a base-quantitative data analysis relative to the circles of the Democratic Party and economic and social areas of the city.

The main use of this PD maps is to identify for each area the ability to understand and represent the needs, especially the ones of the most vulnerable neighborhoods, they try to attract young people and their skills to adopt new participation methods.

The meeting then continued with Stefano Simoncini, speaker for the project RETER Mutazioni Urbane, an experiment of critical and collaborative mapping through an extensive network of local associations, committees, local authorities and university departments.

The labgovers had the opportunity to reflect on the complexity of the space that daily determines our lives conditioning our lifestyles and wellbeing. This “geosocial sphere” is a third space, where you can create a new dimension and protype a functional map for the territory in favor of collective intelligence. The discussion continued with Giulia Pietroletti, deputy in charge for the Public Administration in Rome. She told of this part of the city, the Municipio V, with the highest rate of immigrants for residents, characterized by a very active and proactive citizenship as a perfect field for experimentation. She showed us the “Charter of Regeneration” in which it were collected all the different realities of the City of Rome, divided into areas (natural, archaeological, historic) to preserve the need for care and attention of our heritage.

Therefore, there is an increasingly evidence that we need a new development model, which allows these places to become the cultural centers  for active citizenship and to see realized the desires of the citizens living in these degrading situations. Finally took the floor, Maurizio Moretti, creator of  a mapping work on the Municipio V, based on subsidiarity ,which showed this city as an example of active citizenship.

The problem is the fact that there is a tangible desire to reuse the abandoned spaces, but their problematic nature result by the fragmentation of responsibilities obstacle this idea of innovation. It is necessary, therefore, to intervene in these realities to implement democratic experimentalism and collaborative citizenship to create a real impact.




Workshop 13 novembre: La mappatura e lettura del territorio


13 NOV1Nella giornata del 13 Novembre, nella sede di Viale Romania della LUISS Guido Carli, i ragazzi di LabGov hanno incontrato diversi esperti, che hanno portato avanti a Roma esperienze di mappatura digitale, istituzionale e scientifica. Con loro hanno discusso e riflettuto sull’ importanza  Della mappatura come strumento di conoscenza e ascolto dei territori che apre ad un diverso sguardo, una occasione per sperimentare modi alternativi di attraversare e di trasformare la città.


Con questo termine si indica l’ individuazione di luoghi, strutture, realtà, e, di conseguenza, dei vari attivatori, ossia quelle persone che “accendono la scintilla” trasformando tali assets ( materiali e immateriali ) in beni comuni. Ed è importante per capire come si può e si deve intervenire al meglio.

La prima a prendere la parola è stata Ilaria Vitellio, urban planner e fondatrice di MappINA, una piattaforma di collaborative mapping che dà un’immagine culturale diversa delle città attraverso il contributo, critico ed operativo, dei suoi abitanti. Un progetto nato a Napoli, che prevede la partecipazione di 430 mappers, e che consente a chiunque di georeferenziare foto, video, suono e testi e che contribuisce a ridisegnare l’immagine della città ad opera dei suoi stessi abitanti. La mappatura intesa  quindi come narrazione collettiva. Alle attività on line vengono organizzati diversi laboratori di mappatura e di reimmaginazione degli spazi abbandonati con l’ obbiettivo di riappropriarsi di questi spazi ripensandoli secondo gli effettivi bisogni e desideri dei suoi abitanti. Si è discusso, poi, dei vari progetti di cui si è occupata e, più in generale, della collaborative mapping, una nuova attività che permette non soltanto di leggere una mappa, ma di poterla riscrivere in base alle esperienze e ai saperi della comunità su cui poggia e a cui si rivolge.

La riflessione è continuata con Liliana Grasso, Mattia Diletti, Silvia Lucciarini, ricercatori e coordinatori di MappailPD, progetto nato con l’ obiettivo di valutare l’operato del partito democratico a Roma una “mappatura” dei punti forza e di debolezza, del buono e del cattivo, dei singoli circoli della città. La mappatura è partita dalla costruzione di una base-dati quantitativa relativa ai circoli del PD e allo stato economico-sociale dei territori della città per poi individuare per ogni circolo la capacità di comprendere e rappresentare i fabbisogni, specie della parte più vulnerabile della città; di attrarre giovani e competenze; di adottare metodi nuovi di partecipazione. Per fare ciò è stato necessaria la diffusione di un questionario, per poter capire come intervenire e risolvere i punti deboli del partito.

È intervenuto, poi, Stefano Simoncini, che si occupa del progetto RETER Mutazione Urbane, un esperimento di cartografia critica e collaborativa in fase di realizzazione attraverso un’ampia rete territoriale di associazioni, comitati, enti locali, dipartimenti universitari già attivi in questo ambito o dotati di strumenti e banche dati utili. I ragazzi hanno avuto l’occasione di riflettere sulla complessità dello spazio, aumentata in seguito alla nascita -del web che contrapponendosi a quello concreto, della vita quotidiana determina condizionamenti non indifferenti.Il geosocial è una terza spazialità, dove è possibile creare una nuova dimensione e mappe funzionali al territorio in favore dell’intelligenza collettiva.

La discussione è proseguita con Giulia Pietroletti, Assessore all’ambiente, decoro, intercultura e innovazione nella Pubblica Amministrazione nel Municipio Roma V. Municipio con il più alto tasso di immigrati e residenti,  caratterizzato da una cittadinanza molto attiva e propositiva.  L’Assessore ci ha mostrato la Carta della Rigenerazione in cui sono state raccolte tutte le diverse realtà presenti nel Municipio, suddivise in aree da preservare ( aree naturalistiche, archeologiche, casali storici ) che necessitano di cura e attenzione, così da poter essere giustamente valorizzati, e di politiche attive così da poterne continuare a godere, noi e le generazioni future; e poi  aree da rigenerare come per indicare zone caratterizzate da parcheggi sotterranei ormai in stato di abbandono e da edifici municipali abbandonati e difficili da gestire. Vi sono poi anche altre zone del Municipio in gravi situazioni di degrado o abuso, basti pensare al Parco di Centocelle. È sempre più evidente, quindi, che c’è bisogno di un modello di sviluppo nuovo, che permetta, ad esempio, a questi luoghi di divenire dei poli culturali e di formazione e alla cittadinanza di vedere realizzato il proprio desiderio di non vivere più in situazioni degradanti che da molto, forse troppo tempo, caratterizzano quelle zone. Ha preso la parola, in seguito, Maurizio Moretti che ha proprio realizzato un lavoro di mappatura sul Municipio V, basato sulla sussidiarietà e dal quale è emerso un Municipio che si dovrebbe prendere come esempio di cittadinanza attiva.

Infatti il problema non è tanto il fatto che non ci sia la volontà di riutilizzare gli spazi in stati di abbandono, quanto, invece, le problematicità dell’ uso degli stessi  e la frammentazione delle competenze. È necessario, quindi, intervenire proprio in queste realtà già esistenti e bisognose cercando di attuare lo sperimentalismo democratico e collaborativo.