Longtime LabGov member Elena de Nictolis and environmental law expert Chiara Prevete wrote an article on the agendadigitale.eu “Open Government Forum” section. The article describes the modus operandi adopted by LabGov in fostering the trasformation of our cities in co-cities with a collaborative governance.
The “Co-City” action carried on by LabGov promotes collaboration as a technology using “incentive prizes, crowdsourcing, and citizen science to advance national priorities, collaborating with civil societies including companies, universities, foundations, non-profits, and the public”. This action also includes a methodology to develop a collaborative government structure, which enables various kinds of collective action: not only the voluntary, individual ones, neither that of associations, but also those originated by solidarity and by the shared management of services of common interest.
The final aim of this action is to transform the cities into “co-cities“, that is collaborative cities, by means of the implementation of the governance of the commons design principles, outlined by the Nobel Prize Elinor Ostrom. This strategy aims at creating a quintuple helix institutional structure (an approach recognized by EU’s new Urban Agenda). This structure stimulates public-private partnerships, by involving five types of actors: civic (social innovators and active citizens), social (third sector organizations), cognitive (cultural institutions, schools and universities), public (public institutions) and private (local enterprises and industries).
The methodological protocol is a key-element of this strategy, and it is divided into five steps:
- constitution of a civic collaboration unit, formed by experts in different subjects, to interact with the PA and support the whole process;
- social innovation mapping, by involving citizens and exploring the territory;
- co-design paths, to coordinate the projects found in the previous step between them and with the city;
- definition of polycentric and collaborative governance tools, tailored to the specific situation;
- monitoring and evaluation of those governance tools.
As examples of this strategy and its adaptation to various local conditions, please visit www.co-roma.it, www.co-bologna.it, www.co-battipaglia.it, www.co-mantova.it.
If you are interested in this subject, please explore the full article here.
Elena de Nictolis e Chiara Prevete, in un articolo pubblicato su agendadigitale.eu, hanno esposto i principi e il modus operandi che guidano l’azione Co-città portata avanti da LabGov negli ultimi anni. Quest’azione mira a trasformare le nostre città in città collaborative, basate sulla gestione cooperativa dei beni comuni urbani, risultante dall’interazione efficiente e costante tra i cinque attori chiave della società (modello a quintupla elica). Questa strategia si avvale inoltre di un protocollo metodologico volto a elaborare e applicare strumenti di governance policentrica fatti su misura per il contesto in cui si troveranno a operare.
“La collaborazione civica per l’amministrazione, la governance e l’economia dei beni comuni” is an article written by LabGov coordinator, prof. Christian Iaione, and first published in L’Italia della Condivisione in 2015.
“In Italia i beni comuni sono ormai entrati nel lessico comune. La consapevolezza che gli italiani hanno maturato circa la rilevanza che rivestono e le criticità che presentano beni essenziali alla coesione sociale, tanto quanto allo sviluppo economico, è testimoniata dall’afflato partecipativo che ha caratterizzato i referendum del giugno 2011 su quelli che mediaticamente sono passati alla storia come i referendum per i “beni comuni”. Nella narrazione collettiva i beni comuni sono stati identificati nell’acqua, nell’ambiente e nella legalità. In realtà si trattava di quesiti referendari attinenti a “questioni domestiche” che non prendevano a riferimento la nozione scientifica invalsa a livello internazionale di “beni comuni” o “commons”. In molti hanno provato e provano a utilizzare ideologicamente questo concetto, producendo più danno che beneficio a chi cerca di studiare con metodo scientifico i beni comuni e forgiare gli strumenti tecnici necessari per fare dei beni comuni la base di ripensamento delle istituzioni sociali, economiche, politiche e amministrative. Ad ogni modo questa sensibilità generale verso i beni comuni non deve andare sprecata e per fare ciò occorre fermarsi a riflettere sulle forme e le condizioni di gestione, cura e tutela dei beni comuni. Il rischio è che l’espressione “beni comuni” divenga un’espressione di senso comune, ma priva di effettivo valore semantico e, soprattutto, di rigore scientifico, casella vuota che chiunque si sente legittimato a riempire con qualunque significato, vessillo ideologico inalberato da movimenti o manifesti più o meno condivisibili. Ma da dove si deve partire per gettare le fondamenta di una rigorosa e solida teoria scientifica dei beni comuni? Senza dubbio il primo problema da affrontare è quello definitorio. Quali sono i beni comuni? Quanti sono i beni comuni? Sul punto, in Italia si è sviluppata un’ampia e approfondita riflessione dogmatica su cosa debba ricomprendersi all’interno dell’orizzonte dei beni comuni volte a una ricostruzione giuridica del fenomeno dal punto di vista teorico o applicativo. Per costruire un solido paradigma teorico poggiante sulle fondamenta dei beni comuni occorre dotarsi anche di una nuova chiave di lettura del modello sociale ed economico oggi dominante e di infrastrutture giuridiche e amministrative a supporto di questo diverso metodo. In definitiva, lo studio dei beni comuni come categoria scientifica rappresenta una sfida intellettuale che richiede un metodo interdisciplinare, che deve per forza di cose partire dai risultati degli studi di Elinor Ostrom (insignita del Premio Nobel per l’economia nel 2009) e dei suoi allievi, senza però rinchiudersi in questo o quel recinto culturale o scientifico. Solo un simile sforzo intellettuale potrà candidarsi a fondare su basi solide e verificate dal punto di vista economico, giuridico e istituzionale, un nuovo paradigma, e quindi una società più giusta.”
If you are interested in this subject, please explore the full paper here.
The European Cultural Foundation has organised a very important event.
It is the public debate about the future of citizens in Europe, towards a European “Mienskip”, that means “Community” in the Frisian language.
Actually the event will take place in the Netherlands, to be more precise it will be hosted at the Blokhuispoort of the city of Leeuwarden – that will be European capital of culture in 2018 – from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m., on April the 23rd.
Among the scheduled speakers there will be LabGov’s coordinator, professor Christian Iaione, who will be interviewed with Matthew Fox from Engage Liverpool, Carmen Lozano Bright from the spanish Peer to Peer Movement and Wim Hiemstra from the local Kening fan de Greide. The four will share local examples, their methodology and actions on how to connect citizens and local governments.
That is basically what LabGov has done in the last years in some Italian municipalities.
With no doubts, professor Iaione will illustrate to the audience two projects that have already reached an international echo and have been appreciated by international Commons activists such as Michel Bauwens and David Bollier, here and here.
I am talking about the work that has been conducted in Bologna, on the Bologna’s regulation for the care and regeneration of Urban Commons, that has been also translated into english.
Secondly, the audience and the other speakers will have the opportunity to better understand what has been made in Mantova, where the local administration, together with the local Chamber of Commerce, decided to make the city a prototype for the network of the co-cities. Co-Mantova was born last year and hopefully other Italian cities will follow its example.
These two main ideas were born from the greater project on the “City as a commons”, whose paper was presented in 2012 during the second thematic conference of the IASC, entitled “Design and Dynamics of Institutions for Collective Action: A Tribute to Prof. Elinor Ostrom” and downloadable here.
To put into contact different personalities from all over the European Union that are studying and working on the commons and who believe that traditional power structures are changing, it is an incredible, huge and unique opportunity to build a “New Pact for Europe”, that is also the name of the project launched by a transnational consortium of foundations, including the ECF, and in partnership with the European Policy Centre.
Coming back to the Leeuwarden’s debate, besides the interview, the programme is composed of a welcome and opening remarks by Katherine Watson, ECF director, and Ferd Crone, mayor of Leeuwarden, followed by an introduction of the evening by Lennart Booji who will moderate and conclude the debate.
Silke Helfrich will be the keynote speaker, who will talk about societal an political challenges in Europe regarding regional development, culture and economy, considering where and how communities are taking matters into their own hands. She will also talk about a needed and real cultural paradigm shift in order to make the 21st century as the co-century of the commons.
After the time dedicated to the interviews to professor Iaione, Matthew Fox, Carmen Lozano Bright and Wim Hiemstra, it will be time for a reflection by Teun van de Keuken, journalist, columnist and producer.
In conclusion, Agnes Jongerius, European MP, Pascal Gielen, Professor of Sociology in Art and Cultural Politic at the Rijksuniversiteit of Groningen and Bouwe de Boer, Policy-maker energy in Leeuwarden will debate about connections between citizens and politicians at European level.
According to the information materials provided by the organisers, the goals of the debate are:
- Raise civic and political awareness of shifting roles, responsibilities, and opportunities for involving citizens in the exercise of democracy from the local to the European level.
- Share inspiring examples from across sectors (economic, social, ecological and cultural) that put collective imagination into political practice.
- Work towards concrete recommendations of citizen and social cooperation in Europe.
Furthermore, the following questions will be discussed during the debate:
- What are the concerns or challenges in society on local level in Europe, where communities are taking matters into their own hands – regarding ecology, culture public spaces, management of cities, energy and economy?
- What are new collaborative initiatives – methods, models or tools – of participation in governance and economy to tackle these concerns? And how to apply them in a region as Leeuwarden?
- What can the EU do regarding these social challenges and shifting responsibilities: how to involve citizens in different ways in policymaking? How to re-balance responsibilities between government, market and citizens? What are necessary steps/recommendations from both citizens and government to realise more participation regarding regional development, culture and economy?
Commons have turned to be notorious only in recent times, but since they have timidly appeared, there has been literally an explosion of articles, studies and experiments of governance of the commons on field.
When a new phenomenon is taken into consideration, usually, one of the first things to do is its analysis: of its characteristics, of the possible implications and, obviously, its geographical distribution. Since ancient times, the explanatory power of maps has always been extremely helpful in both academic and professional sectors, because of the immediacy of the images in transmitting a message.
The daily routine does not always allow to be aware of what surrounds us and sometimes, we need active and passionate citizens to remind us of it. This is even truer when it comes to the commons. In this sense, a map might be even more powerful than usual, since it helps displaying the richness of a country in terms of places, monuments, traditions and experiments of governance of the commons.
Across Europe and the world, many countries already assimilated this lesson and a lot of associations and organizations produced wonderful maps, offering a glimpse of their variegated national heritage.
The case of “Mapping the Commons.net” is exemplary, because of the transnational nature of the investigation. Through a series of workshops and after a thorough analysis of the parameters to be considered and of the commons to be included, this project elaborated a total of six maps of the commons in as many cities in the world: Athens, Istanbul, Rio De Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Quito. The philosophical and theoretical work behind these maps is huge. The map represents the ultimate effort of a sequential process that starts from the definition of the word “common” and passes through the study of the cultural and historical background of each city. In the end, “Mapping the Commons.net” won the Elinor Ostrom Award for research and social intervention linked to the Commons, on the category “Conceptual Approaches on the commons”: a formal recognition for this extraordinary work.
When it comes to Italy, it is a different story. A widespread culture on the commons has developed later than the other European countries and generally, than the rest of the world. Consequently, mapping the Italian commons is only a recent achievement. The attempt made by Zappata Romana is noteworthy, but limited in space (it covers only the city of Rome) and only green spaces are taken into consideration. Another map is the one provided by UNESCO, which on the one hand has the virtue of listing intangible benefits (local traditions), while on the other it obviously lacks a comprehensive classification of all the on-field experiments of governance, by marking only the artistic and archeological sites. We might enumerate all the mapping attempts in Italy. Still, there is not an exhaustive map of the commons and maybe there will never be, given the great variety of the commons.
With the willingness of bridging the gap, LabGov’s latest efforts dealt with this: mapping the Italian urban and natural commons, both the material and the intangible ones, also with an insight of the consolidated governance approaches and of the ongoing experiments on field.
Italy of the Commons – LabGov’s map
Let us start with the definition of the commons: commons are goods, tangible, intangible and digital, that citizens and the Administration, also through participative and deliberative procedures, recognize to be functional to the individual and collective wellbeing, activating themselves towards them pursuant to article 118, par. 4, of the Italian Constitution, to share the responsibility with the Administration to care or regenerate them in order to improve their public use That being stated, it has been quite easy making a list of the numerous (almost infinite) commons in Italy.
The map distinguishes the various categories with different marks and the classification includes the UNESCO material and intangible sites, the cooperative communities, the consumer cooperatives (water and electricity), but it also offers an updated list of the cities that approved the Bologna Regulation and of the ongoing projects of LabGov. The spatial distribution is homogeneous, even if the consumer cooperatives are concentrated in Northern Italy, for obvious physical characteristics, since they deal with water resources.
Being the project ongoing, the map will never be definitive. Still, it preserves the evocative power typical of images, through the transmission of a message of cooperation in the care and regeneration of the commons.
Le mappe hanno sempre avuto uno spiccato potere evocativo e nel caso dei beni comuni questo è ancora più evidente. La mappa così riesce a mostrare con chiarezza la ricchezza di un paese in termini di luoghi, tradizioni, monumenti ed esperimenti di governance dei beni comuni. Se all’estero lo studio e la mappatura dei beni comuni è una pratica assodata, in Italia è un’avventura nuova che ha tuttavia già prodotto risultati notevoli. Sulla scia di questi ultimi, LabGov presenta una propria mappa dei beni comuni, che tiene conto della loro natura variegata e trasmette un chiaro messaggio di cooperazione.
The Ubiquitous Commons – the Commons in the age of Ubiquitous Technology – is an international research effort dedicated to understanding the transformation of data, information and knowledge in the age of ubiquitous technologies. It acts in ways which are completely interdisciplinary, moving across scientific and humanistic research, arts and design, institutional and economic action, activism and advocacy, urban studies and rural innovation. The network of experts comprises scholars, lawyers, professors, writers and artists from all over the world, such as David Bollier and Michel Bauwens. LabGov recently joined the team thanks through the scientific contribution of Christian Iaione, LabGov coordinator . The project goes through education processes, research, development, near future design scenarios and aesthetic actions which are intended to broaden the perception of “possibility” for both people and organizations, in constructive, enabling the formation of novel points of view and possibilities.
The hacker Salvatore Iaconesi and the artist and writer Oriana Persico – who wrote recently an article appeared on Nòva24 on Il Sole 24 Ore – are the coordinators of the project. Salvatore and Oriana created AOS – Art is Open Source, which – in their words – is “an international informal network exploring the mutation of societies through the ubiquitous digital technologies”. This – and other issues – they explained in one of the meetings at LabGov the last year.
The article about Ubiquitous Commons underlines as it could give a great response to manage our data spread in the net.
Horizon 2020 is making Europe change its direction and DG Connect is now dealing with responsible innovation and research. These two areas have become cross-cutting issues and they have been discussing in February during a workshop opened to the debates between stakeholders about strategies for 2016-17.
Among many topics, there will be Big Data, Social networks, Health, Smart cities and communities, Robotics and algorithms. The way to face them is the so-called Concept reengineering.
Social issues advisor Nicole Dewandre explains that the key is Hyper-connectivity: the capability of being connected each other, both offline and online. To do this, it is necessary to re-design different concepts such as Privacy, Freedom, Identity, Attention, Justice and Responsiveness. This is DG Connect’s vision: technology has to achieve new goals in terms of creating of new meaning with social, cultural and anthropological impacts.
A human revolution, not a technological one. The key is finding a way to convert the Data we produce in a relational ecosystem, instead of using them for business logic. According to commons theorist Elinor Ostrom, focusing just on resources is not enough: the quality of relations allows its equal management.
In this scenario, Ubiquitous Commons could be a great response to manage data ownership. By creating legal and technological toolkits, the aim of the project is to create new forms of collaboration among citizens, in which responsibility and rights are re-designed in order to guarantee data access. This innovative kind of plug-in for our internet browsers associates cryptography, peer-to-peer networks and user-generated licences. The mechanism is fully cooperative and collaborative: people, communities, institutions and businesses can create new licences of different nature.
Using Ubiquitous Commons EU citizens could regain the ownership of their data spread in the net. Ubiquitous Commons is currently an empirical research project. An active endorsement by the EU could turn it into a strategic public policy in the future.
More information on: http://www.artisopensource.net/network/artisopensource/2015/03/01/ubiquitous-commons-governance-in-the-age-of-hyper-connectivity/
L’iperconnettività da governare – UBIQUITOUS COMMONS su Nòva24!
Ubiquitous Commons è uno sforzo di ricerca internazionale dedicato alla comprensione della trasformazione di dati, informazioni e conoscenze nell’era delle tecnologie onnipresenti. Agisce in modi che siano completamente interdisciplinari, si muovono attraverso la ricerca scientifica e umanistica, arte e design, l’azione istituzionale ed economica, l’attivismo e l’avvocatura, studi urbani e innovazione rurale. La rete di esperti è composta da studiosi, avvocati, professori, scrittori e artisti provenienti da tutto il mondo, come David Bollier e Michel Bauwens. LabGov si è recentemente unito al team grazie al contributo scientifico di Christian Iaione, coordinatore di LabGov. Il progetto passa attraverso processi di educazione, ricerca, sviluppo, vicino scenari progettuali e azioni future estetici che sono destinati ad ampliare la percezione di “possibilità” per le persone e le organizzazioni, permettendo la formazione di nuovi punti di vista e possibilità.
L’hacker Salvatore Iaconesi e l’artista e scrittrice Oriana Persico – che hanno scritto recentemente un articolo apparso su Nòva24 su Il Sole 24 Ore – sono i coordinatori del progetto. Salvatore e Oriana hanno creato AOS – Art is Open Source, che – con loro parole – è “una rete informale internazionale esplorare la mutazione delle società attraverso le tecnologie digitali onnipresenti“. Questo – e altre questioni – hanno spiegato in uno dei seminari di LabGov lo scorso anno.
L’articolo su Ubiquitous Commons mette in evidenza le possibilità di gestire la diffusione dei nostri dati in rete.
Per saperne di più: http://www.artisopensource.net/network/artisopensource/2015/03/01/ubiquitous-commons-governance-in-the-age-of-hyper-connectivity/