Law, rights and city dynamics
To what extent do social and urban law have an impact on cities? The example of inheritance laws shows that inequalities are not only perpetuated through laws but can face mentality blocking. Indeed, although a new law giving men and women equal share in inheritance was proposed divided opinions emerged, notably among women. http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=96795f84-ad28-432e-b127-c8a16cdcf847.
Still in land dynamics, another process can be underlined. In Brisbane the gentrification process is impacting aboriginal people and keeps filling the gaps between communities. Indeed, urban Indigenous populations continue to relocate to the suburbs, where housing is usually cheaper than the centre ones as a result of rapid gentrification and associated rental and ownership price hikes. “The trend could be viewed as a contemporary iteration of the dispersals of the past – decidedly less bloody, though equally impelled by capitalistic imperatives”. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/apr/09/indigenous-people-are-being-displaced-again-by-gentrification-aboriginal-redfern-west-end-fitzroy.
Pollution and traffic: two closely and causality linked issues.
Bicyles schemes are being reviewed to be integrated into policy measures. However the question remains: How is it possible to boost urban cycling ? Providing free bicycles? Implementing 20mph zones? Many solutions can be envisaged. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/jan/10/free-bikes-to-steering-wheel-spikes-ways-to-boost-urban-cycling. In Edinburgh, one of the ideas to face this same issue is to implement a no-traffic law each first Sunday of the month, from 10 am to 5 pm, on key roads. Implementing such rules could be a good starting point for pollution and noise reduction. https://www.scotsman.com/news/transport/edinburgh-to-introduce-car-free-city-centre-zones-once-a-month-1-4781684
A Project working towards a more sustainable way of living
Some projects are also proposing new ideas for more sustainable ways of living and reducing pollution. R-Urban in France, for example, consisted in the creation of mutiple eco-sustainable places. The AgroCité -a unit of urban agriculture- is made of community gardens, permacultures, composting and rainwater recycling systems, as well as devices and systems for energy production and educational and cultural spaces. It is also composed of The Animalab, a domestic farm whose production is directly embedded in the local distribution network through its Agrocité shop. Eventually, the Recylab is made of urban waste recycling equipments which enable the transformation into eco-construction materials. http://r-urban.net/en/projects/