The second workshop of LabGov EDU 2016/2017 has been held on the 4th of November by Simone D’Antonio, an Italian urban journalist and communicator, member of ANCI and responsible for the activities of the Italian URBACT . He discussed with the class how the development of cities in the global scene is protected and followed by the international institutions.
Firstly, he introduced some international projects, like the European initiative “URBACT”, but above all he spoke about Habitat III, a meeting organized by the UN every 20 years to rewrite the New Urban Agenda. This year Habitat III took place in Quito, Ecuador, one of the few countries that provide the “right to the city” in its constitution. Due to its complex morphology, it is always searching for new solutions in order to adapt the cities to the territory facilitating all the citizens.
Next, he illustrated the “KNOW YOUR CITY” project, designed to give a voice to everyone who usually suffers in silence, like some African slums’ inhabitants or young Muslims who live in Middle East war zones, that show their own tragic realities with their strength.
He continued, talking about the “shrinking cities” phenomenon (that is unfortunately becoming frequent in our days, in many cities such as Detroit), and the meaning of being an urban journalist; someone who is interested in finding solutions to the cities’ problems, through knowledge and communication. He underlined the importance of communication (through new media, internet, social networks), arguing how it’s important to build information networks in order to realize projects and create new economic systems, as the supportive one adopted by some marketplaces in Milan, after the Expo experience, in order to fight against food wasting. (link to know more about the experience in Milan: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/oct/16/milan-fight-against-food-waste-ugly-fruit-grassroots-world-food-day)
It is a good habit to be constantly informed about what is happening around the world in the urbanistic sector and to be aware of who makes the difference by giving birth to initiatives and projects, because we are all parts of this big scenery.
More info here: http://citiscope.org ; https://www.theguardian.com/international
Written by Claudia Caruso
On Friday 14th and Saturday 15th October, the first co-working session of this year, 2016-2017, will be held. During the first day, the new labgovers will discuss with Paola Santoro, service designer, how to facilitate urban commons. They will reflect on the meaning of this strategy and on its relevance to build a community and to realise a collaborative project. Paola will illustrate the CO-Roma project and her experience.
On Saturday, there will be Eloisa Susanna, an architect of G124 and partner of CO-Roma. She will be talking about the method adopted for both Co-Battipaglia and CO-Roma projects, and she will describe the experience she made working in the suburbs of Rome. Then, the labgovers will meet Claudio Gnessi and Stefania Favorito of the Ecomuseo Casilino and Urio Cini and Alessandra Noce, two active citizens and members of the Community for the Public Park of Centocelle. Together they will reflect and work on the potentialities and problems of the park and of the territory around it. Let the work of mapping and experimentation begin!
Nelle giornate del 14 e 15 ottobre, nella sede di Viale Romania si terrà la prima sessione di co-working del laboratorio 2016-2017. Nella prima giornata i ragazzi incontreranno Paola Santoro, service designer, insieme alla quale rifletteranno su cosa significa facilitare i beni comuni, a partire dalla sua esperienza di facilitatrice nel progetto CO-Roma. Il giorno successivo sarà presente Eloisa Susanna, architetto di G124 e partner di CO-Roma, la quale racconterà il lavoro svolto nelle periferie di Roma, in particolar modo nel Municipio V, cuore del progetto CO-Roma. Successivamente interverranno Claudio Gnessi e Stefania Favoriro, di Ecomuseo Casilino e Urio Cini e Alessandra Noce, della Comunità per il Parco Pubblico di Centocelle, con i quali i ragazzi ragioneranno e lavoreranno sulle potenzialità e criticità del parco e del territorio attorno. Che i lavori abbiano inizio!
On the 5th of March 2016, at the LUISS Campus of Viale Romania, LabGovers came together to discuss and find solution to the problems related to the School Pisacane. They divided themselves in five groups in order to organize the various activities for the days of 8 and 9 April. Each group had it’s own task. This division in groups allowed the labgovers to organize every single aspect of those two days of celebration at the school Pisacane. Two were the main issues of every discussion in each group: the sustainability and the duration of the effects created by the intervention of LabGov at the school Pisacane. The first group focused on different possibilities of games for the children involved in those two days; the second group had to think about a serious matter: cleaning the schoolyard and keep it clean also on the long term. The third group paid attention to the communication of the event, by preparing the script for a video that should narrate the event and explain the experimentations made by LabGov. A concrete sign of the intervention of the LabGovers was developed by the fourth group and it is the realization of small gardens for the schoolyard, realized by the children of the school with the help of the LabGovers and the parents and the teachers. The fifth group looked after another relevant feature: the illumination of the schoolyard; this is a problem underlined by the teachers and the parents. This day of reasoning and researches gave the labgovers the opportunity to improve their knowhow in organizing events and in taking care of a common good.
Nella giornata del 5 Marzo, nel Campus Luiss di Viale Romania, i LabGovers si sono riuniti ed insieme hanno organizzato le giornate dell’ 8 e 9 Aprile, nella scuola Pisacane. I due giorni saranno dedicati alla rigenerazione degli spazi costituenti la scuola e della comunità che la vive. Le attività, che verranno svolte dai LabGovers insieme ai bambini, insegnanti, genitori ed associazioni del luogo, saranno le seguenti: rigenerazione del cortile interno, costruzione e cura di orti in cassone, trovare delle soluzioni sostenibili al problema illuminazione, organizzazione dei giochi e video.
Habitat III is the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, taking place in Quito, Ecuador, 17–20 October 2016.
In the Prague conference the discussions covered various topics, and in the Prague declaration they noted the importance of promoting:
- Innovative and productive cities.
- Green, compact, resource efficient and resilient cities.
- Inclusive and safe cities.
- Good urban governance.
They point out a need to plan and manage urban areas through the cooperation of national governments with regional and local authorities and communities with established coordination mechanism. Cities need to be enabled and empowered in order to be key actors in the implementation of sustainable urban development based on the principles of sustainable development. Citizens should be involved and consulted in a well-designed system of multi-level governance. There is also a need to assure compliance to legal requirements by independent institutions acting in land governance, land registration. International cooperation and exchanges between national, regional and local authorities can promote sustainable economic development, social and environment protection. Social cohesion, better access to services, urban safety. Long term and non-speculative, risk informed investments in housing and urban development can stimulate employment in cities. Resource efficiency and promoting sustainable consumption and production patterns are critical elements for cities to manage growth, increase resource productivity, and decouple economic growth from increased resource use and its environmental impact. Efforts to protect and safeguard the cultural and natural heritage. Promote economic development and job creation.
The following step was Barcelona where the main topic was public spaces. From the Barcelona Declaration came out that:
- Human rights are a key to advancing and developing an urbanization that is sustainable and socially inclusive, that promotes equality, combats discrimination in all its forms and empowers individuals and communities.
- The Right to the City is a new paradigm that provides an alternative framework to re-think cities and urbanization.
- There is a need to preserve the character and quality of existing historical public areas, in order to promote and to transmit heritage to the future generations; improve existing public areas in central and peripheral parts of the city, in order to upgrade their quality and foster the sense of belonging of the communities; design new public spaces in built areas and in new urban expansions, to increase the quality of life of the inhabitants and strengthen social stability.
They focus on public spaces because in an even more urbanized world, the right to the city must be guaranteed to the people who share the urban space today and to the coming generations who are going to inherit it tomorrow. In order for the public space to respond to its true purpose and be at the service of the people and achieve the democratization of our cities, it should be tackled from an integrated logic which goes beyond its own physical boundaries and address fundamental dimensions such as 1) “Agora” (its social and political dimension), 2) Mobility, 3) Economy, 4) Housing.
- AGORA (social and political dimension)
- Accessibility and inclusivity
- Quality design, environmental and human scale
- Distribution and integration
- Recreation and health
- Cultural and political expression
- Conflict resolution and cohabitation
- Sustainability and democratic control of basic urban supplies and waste
- Balance production of wealth and responsible consumption
- Change of paradigm towards a Post-Car-City
- Fostering walkability and bike use on a more human public space
- Implementing democratic and sustainable of public transport networks
- Right to adequate housing
- Social function of land, property and city
- Housing policies and tools
After Barcelona the meeting moved to Pretoria. There the main topic was “Informal Settlements”. Informal settlements are a global urban phenomenon. They exist in urban contexts all over the world, in various forms and typologies, dimensions, locations. While urban informality is more present in cities in developing countries, housing informality and substandard living conditions can also be found in developed countries. The continued existence of informal settlements is directly linked to the persistence of poverty and inequality, distorted land markets, excluding people from decent work and livelihood to attain individual and collective progress and prosperity. Informal settlements are caused by a range of interrelated factors: population growth and rural to urban and international migration, poverty, basic service deficits, poor governance and policy frameworks, limited access to financial markets, land and property. People living in informal settlements are particularly vulnerable to spatial, social, and economic inequalities, dependence on precarious income generation and livelihoods, poor health as well as lack of affordable housing, high vulnerability to the adverse impacts of poor and exposed environments, climate change, and natural disasters. Exclusion, discrimination and marginalisation characterize the life in informal settlements which is exacerbated by displacements, including the one caused by conflict, crisis, natural disasters and climate change.
The recently adopted Agenda 2030 for sustainable development and especially a new transformative urban agenda will have to address the above challenges taking stock of the shortcomings and achievements of the previous development frameworks and approaches.
This process is aimed at producing the New Urban Agenda composed of 22 issue papers about housing and sustainable urban development. Smart technologies and urban governance are new models of participation with social media.
Habitat III è la Conferenza delle Nazioni Unite sui temi di housing e sustainable urban development che si terrà a Quito in Ecuador in Ottobre 2016. Nella conferenza di Praga i temi evidenziati, che fanno da filo conduttore, sono: città innovative e produttive; il verde pubblico e le città resilienti; città inclusive e sicure; buona governance urbana. Fondamentale il tema della cooperazione tra i cittadini e i governi nazionali, regionali e locali. Praga è solo una delle numerose tappe di questo processo che porteranno alla conferenza di Quito.