Una passeggiata patrimoniale nella periferia sud-est di Roma a praticar la collaborazione civica e tanto divertimento
Il percorso del Laboratorio EDU@LabGov di quest’anno sta per volgere al termine e non può che concludersi in bellezza, dedicando – come da tre anni a questa parte – un’intera giornata alla collaborazione civica e alla rigenerazione del patrimonio culturale, ambientale e dei beni comuni urbani dei quartieri di Roma Sud-Est.
Sabato 5 maggio 2018 avrà luogo la Terza Giornata della Collaborazione Civica e il RomaSudfEst, un’occasione per incontrarsi, discutere e diffondere un messaggio di sostenibilità declinata in tutte le sue dimensioni: ambientale, economica e sociale.
Tante – e adatte a tutte le età – le attività in programma che permetteranno ad una molteplicità di attori di attraversare vari luoghi e spazi pubblici dell’intero distretto, seminare nuove esperienze e pratiche di collaborazione civica e contaminare positivamente il dibattito pubblico sul territorio.
La giornata avrà inizio la mattina alle ore 9:00 dal Parco degli Acquedotti, nel quartiere di Don Bosco per poi raggiungere i quartieri di Torre Spaccata, Tor Sapienza, Centocelle ed Alessandrino, in ciascuno dei quali sono previste attività ed eventi organizzati dalle associazioni e dai cittadini attivi dei vari quartieri, in collaborazione con le istituzioni pubbliche e cognitive, come il Municipio V, il Comune di Roma, ENEA e l’Università LUISS Guido Carli.
L’iniziativa è frutto del lavoro che il Laboratorio EDU@LabGov sta portando avanti su più cantieri di sperimentazione urbana nel contesto del Progetto Co-Roma, per costruire un modello integrato di smart district urbano, basato sullo sviluppo di nuove co-economie, ovvero economie di natura circolare, sociale, solidale e collaborativa e su una cittadinanza attiva e coesa.
Tra le varie attività proposte:
>> alle 10.30 presso l’area verde attigua alla biblioteca Rugantino, nel quartiere di Torre Spaccata, i ragazzi del Laboratorio, in collaborazione con gli studenti del corso di Laurea Magistrale in Architettura del Paesaggio de La Sapienza, anche quest’anno porteranno fuori dall’Università quello che è ormai il terzo satellite dell’#ortoLuiss, organizzando un laboratorio di ortocultura a cui sono invitati tutti coloro che sono desiderosi di sporcarsi le mani e divertirsi, inclusi giochi e attività per bambini
>> alle 15.00 nel Parco di Centocelle, oggetto dei primi anni di sperimentazione del progetto Co-Roma, si svolgeranno attività per bambini sul tema della mobilità sostenibile, e i membri della Comunità Parco Pubblico di Centocelle condurranno i presenti in una serie di “passeggiate patrimoniali” (heritage walks, come definite dal Faro Convention Framework), alla scoperta del patrimonio culturale e archeologico del distretto.
>> La giornata si concluderà presso FusoLab, nel quartiere di Centocelle, con il RomaSudfEst, dove ci aspetteranno tanta musica e bella gente per festeggiare insieme la conclusione di questo momento collettivo che speriamo in un futuro non sia soltanto più un evento, ma un giorno come tanti in cui valori quali la collaborazione civica e la cura di un bene comune entrano a far parte della nostra quotidianità e guidano le nostre azioni.
Non mancate, portate tanta allegria e non ve ne pentirete!
Scarica qui il programma dettagliato
photo credit: Shareen Elnaschie @shareenee
As presented in a previous article of LabGov, in March 2017 the City of Madrid, together with the European Cultural Foundation (ECF) and the Connected Action for the Commons hold the Innovative City Development Meeting. A gathering of innovative city makers – researchers, activists, experts and city officials – distinguished for a progressive approach to cultural issues, social innovation, urban development and participatory governance processes with city governments.
The meeting started from the assumption that today institutions should co-make the city with local people, and it represented the chance to reflect upon the way to reach this collaborative perspective. A growing commons movement indeed is spreading in Europe and more and more institutions are trying to involve local people in making co-decision when it comes to issues closely affecting their neighborhoods and cities. In the last years Connected Action for the Commons has been co-working to scale up collaborative working practices and services for people in their locality, and from a small group of like-minded organisations today it represents a growing and influential network of cultural change-makers that inspired the meeting.
Many sessions were facilitated by the LabGov’s co-founder, Christian Iaione, who also contributed with advises and suggestions to the final report of the meeting, written and compiled by Nicola Mullenger, with contributions also from Katarina Pavić and Igor Stokfiszewski. The report, presented in July 2017 at the International Association for the Study of the Commons conference, details the main reflections emerged during the meeting and three case studies, as well as some recommendations for city makers.
Here below, the main outcomes of the report are briefly illustrate.
The design of the meeting. Each city maker gave a four-minutes speech highlighting a challenge they are working on and focusing on concrete issues in their own communities. Smaller facilitated groups discussed challenges and possible solutions “for collaborative city change-making with the aim to find practices that can encourage community and institutional participatory city-making processes”. Among the various presentations the report lists the case of A Coruña (Spain), Chişinău (Moldova) and Naples (Italy), showing the “diversity of issues and geographical areas in Europe where citizen participation and commoning practices” face many challenges but are already making a difference.
- Ideas for bottom–up transnational municipal reform. From the case studies and their challenges the reflection converged on the required conditions to pave the way for urban co-governance or urban commons participatory governance, as well as city making. The groups of discussion try to answer to two main questions:
- what are the values that could inspire commons-based assets and service management schemes?
Trust, transparency, equality and diversity within institutions, as well as a right balance between values and coordination should be pursued creating a system carefully balanced with the need for an open process that makes the space for experimentation and in which solutions and information are shared. This system should relies on a definition of common interest, like a charter of the “Value of Commons”, as in Naples. As underlined in the report “the institution needs to sustain engagement with core individuals and communities, and continuously attract diverse opinions, as well as finding evaluation models to communicate and replicate successes and acknowledge failures”.
- what are the methodologies, legal and financial tools and linchpins that could make a commons-based solution work?
Holding regular gatherings of different stakeholder to co-decide and plans actions appears to be a relevant aspect, and the report suggests to use shared spaces and reflect on the role of moderation. In addition, it recommend: 1.to make clear how decisions are made by using city referendums with clear goal posts to make decisions and make usership; 2. to start with a realistic aim of collaboration (such as the participatory budgeting) and to create information packages (such as a “how to co-budget” guide); 3. to support public servants in acquiring the necessary skills (define tools and operations and share/build skills); 4. to protect public services; 5. to implement a public consultation process across several cities and use an accessible tool to show and compare the results, involving citizens (which see the impacts in first person).
- First considerations and next steps. The first highlights of the meeting should be developed further (both within the institutional work setting and outside in a peer-to-peer context). But some of them can be already taken forward and applied as a pilot experience or can help in developing or scaling up existing experiences. An idea that would be able to enhance equality in our society could be the development of a series of flexible models applicable in different contexts and people, considering sustainability, legality and financial roles. The creation of a clear chart, with clear information, can help communities to activate informed civic decision-making processes.
According to the report “institutions need to decide what is a public good” and define the public interest and the private thing, clarifying how participation can help them. Shared information and transparency can lead to a deeper trust between all stakeholders and to a better balance in welcoming different voices. “Keeping the door open to experimentation could lead to further impact and also help to create a similar language to explain value”; it can also help in recognizing different values that will have a lasting impact on social cohesion.
- The group found beneficial the peer examination of the challenges and suggested to meet again in order to deepen and exchange practices, projects and policies on participatory governance or co-governance and city making. “They recommended that the formation of a space for exchange, experimentation, mutual learning and co-working could enable the sharing of tools that city makers need going forward”.
The organizers hope this collaborative methodology of work and these results can serve as a guide for institutions that want to start co-design process, inspiring new commoning processes with local people more involving and democratic.
The full report is available here.
Marzo 2017. Madrid ospita l’Innovative City Development Meeting all’interno dell’Idea Camp 2017. Un’occasione di incontro per innovatori e city makers per discutere di co-creazione collaborativa della città, governance partecipativa dei beni comuni e co-governance urbana. Da quell’incontro è nato un report che riassume alcune delle considerazioni e delle raccomandazioni emerse durante il meeting e che è stato presentato in Luglio alla Conferenza dell’Associazione Internazionale per lo Studio dei Beni Comuni (IASC2017). Il post ne ripercorre i punti salienti.
From November 11th to 12th, Gaverina Terme is going to host the second edition of Cooperative in Cammino – “La cooperazione per i beni comuni”, a moment of analysis and elaboration of proposals for a new model of connection between public and private, a place where different experiences of cooperation meet and share their knowledge on those new experimental models of organization.
Cooperative in cammino comes up from the need of defining more open and participated models of cooperation, that provide the involvement of citizens in the management of goods and services of common interest, and that experiment new forms of dialogue between those actors and public administration.
The meeting is organized by Cooperativa Sociale L’Innesto (which we already talked about in this article on the crowdfunding campaign they launched for the acquisition of La Casa del Pescatore), a cooperative born in 1999 and since then pursuing the common interest of the local community to the social integration of citizens through the execution of productive activities, in the respect of the environment, territory, culture and local knowledge, finalized to the job placement for disadvantaged categories.
Saturday, November 11th, Cooperative in Cammino will host the convention “Give back commons to collectivity” (“Restituire i beni comuni alla collettività“), that is going to be introduced by Lodovico Patelli, President of the Cooperative, and Christian Iaione, LabGov’s co-founder.
Sunday, November 12th, the round table “Experimenting the management of public goods and services” (“Sperimentare la gestione di beni e servizi pubblici“) will take place.
The full program of the event is available here: http://www.innesto.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/coopincammino2ante_def.pdf
Dall’11 al 12 novembre Gaverina Terme ospiterà la seconda edizione di Cooperative in cammino – “La cooperazione per i beni comuni”, organizzata dalla Cooperativa Sociale L’Innesto.
Il programma dell’evento è disponibile qui: http://www.innesto.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/coopincammino2ante_def.pdf
Credits: picture from http://www.innesto.org
On the sides of the Endine Lake there is a real estate called “la Casa del Pescatore”, one of the access points to the Cavallina Valley providing services to tourists wanting to visit the area. The Casa has been managed for 16 years by a social cooperative, L’Innesto, on behalf of the Mountain Community of Laghi Bergamaschi: since 2001 the Cooperative has been offering the possibility of enjoying the lake in a sustainable way, and has participated to the local development practices and to the touristic acceptance in the area.
On June 21st, 2017 the Province of Bergamo communicated to the social cooperative L’Innesto the publication of an alienation announcement referred to the Casa del Pescatore. The local government has offered to the cooperative the right of first refusal (to be exercised within August, 19th) at the entry price of 865K euros.
The Innesto cooperative is of course well interested to the civic acquisition of this common good, in order to be able to carry on with the activities through all these years have allowed a sustainable fruition of the lake by the valley community and its hosts. The cooperative’s own financial sources, however, do not allow the accomplishment of the process of acquisition as prescribed by the local government.
That is why L’Innesto cooperative, in order to maintain the Casa del Pescatore as an open space for everyone, as well as to pursue non-profit, civic, solidaristic and social activities, has decided to:
This campaign is hopefully going to allow to the social cooperative to acquire the common good, as well as to renovate it and activate new services and activities to generate new jobs and to develop a new incisive promotion of the territory.
As Professor Christian Iaione stated in the article Città e beni comuni, “the urban spaces and services of common interest […] do satisfy many needs of living in the city because they are functional to the community’s health as well as to the individual exercise of citizenship’s rights: the quality of life and of work, sociality, mobility, amusement, sharing, sense of community, the possibility of growing new capacities and passions…all those things are immediately affected by the major or minor quality of collectively used infrastructures that a city can make available to its inhabitants” (click here to read the full article). That is why he suggested that in some the right strategy is to buy back the commons and create self-sustaining collective institutions that manage them.
Those spaces of common interest are fundamental and vital for the development of communities, and that’s why they are conceived as urban commons. Other similar experiences of civic acquisition are carried out in Rome by the Community for the Public Park of Centocelle (www.co-roma.it) and in Milan by the Macao experience (http://www.macaomilano.org).
—> Click here to read the open letter
—> Click here to download the donation form
La Cooperativa Sociale L’Innesto ha lanciato un appello per allargare la propria base associativa e una campagna di crowdfunding per raccogliere fondi destinati all’acquisizione della Casa del Pescatore e mantenerlo come luogo aperto e fruibile da tutti.
–> Clicca qui per leggere la lettera aperta alla cittadinanza
–> Clicca qui per scaricare il modulo di raccolta fondi
Credits: picture from www.portoturisticodicapri.com
The decision of the Regional Administrative Court of Lazio no 874, issued on July 26th 2017, confirmed the legitimacy of the action taken by the City of Capri to buy-back from Invitalia, a State-owned company, the 49% of the shares of the company managing the Touristic Port of Capri. The Touristic Port of Capri was created by the central government in the sixties as a public-public partnership with the City of Capri which owned the remaining 51% of the shares. The decision rejected the judicial review application of NLG Navigazione Libera del Golfo, a private company managing the ferry service between Naples and the island. According to many on the island NLG’s primary and probably sole interest is to bring as many tourists as possible on the island and therefore NLG might have seen the purchase of the 49% owned by Invitalia as a “foot in the door” to secure full control in the future over an essential facility for its business. This might have increased the mass tourism phenomenon that is jeopardizing the environmental and social sustainability of Capri as well as other main touristic attractions in Italy, such as Venice, Cinque terre and Florence, and in other European cities, such as Dubrovnik and Barcelona.
The City of Capri, as announced in a press release by the Mayor Giovanni De Martino, who thanked Professor Maria Alessandra Sandulli and Giplex LLP for their work in representing the City of Capri in court, has decided to stop the privatization as a first step of a long-term strategy to improve the quality of the port infrastructure and services. The Touristic Port of Capri is indeed an essential facility for the livelihood of those living on (and not just visiting) the island. It may well be also the linchpin for a development plan of the island based on a more sustainable and responsible tourism that would preserve a cultural and landscape heritage for future generations. The Mayor highlighted the importance of the decision to keep the Touristic Port of Capri company under the full control of the City, allowing it to continue in its mission to contribute to the economic and social development of the island of Capri. The City indeed decided to exercise the right of first refusal and purchase the minority shareholding owned by Invitalia to secure full ownership of the Port in public hands and thereby start a strategic planning process to reconceive the governance and business model of the Port as an infrastructure commons.
As Parag Khanna has recently stated “no matter which way we connect, we do so through infrastructures”. Brett Frischmann demonstrated how to conceive infrastructure (both traditional, transportation and communication, infrastructures and non-traditional, environmental and intellectual, infrastructures) as commons. Frischmann argued that infrastructure have a social value that exceeds the private market value, and open commons management might therefore be a promising strategy for infrastructure, because it offers opportunities for users to generate public and social goods, although with a range of complications, such as congestion management. Studies carried out by Christian Iaione on price and quantity instruments to regulate transport infrastructure suggested that congestion in infrastructure use can amount to a “tragedy of the infrastructure” as in the tragedy of the commons. Iaione proposed that transport infrastructure could be regulated at the level of local communities, individuals, inhabitants (i.e. the lowest level possible) who should be enabled by the government to take on the challenge to pursue the general interest in their everyday lives and in the management of common resources.
In other words, according to the this literature, cooperation for infrastructure commons might be both a supply side strategy to involve users in their governance and rethinking of their business model in order to address financing problems, as well as a demand-side strategy to enhance capacity and efficiency of the existing network in order to address congestion problems.
In a context of crisis and lack of resources for the public sector, privatization of public infrastructures often gets depicted as the only possible solution in order to improve public service provision and efficiency. However, the judicial decision by blocking the privatization process opens up the door to a solution that could adopt the design principles suggested by the literature on the infrastructure commons. Moving away from the classical public-private partnership model, the Mayor’s view suggests that the port of Capri should be legally understood as and managed through a public-commons partnership to produce both economic returns and social, environmental and cultural impacts. This solution might be able to grasp the social value and the economic potential the governance of the commons has guaranteed in other contexts.
 Parag Khanna, Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization 7 (2016). For a critical analysis of Khanna’s Connectography, see Daniel W. Drezner, Connectography by Parag Khanna, The New York Times, (April 29 2016) http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/01/books/review/connectography-by-parag-khanna.html.
 Brett Frischmann, Infrastructure, Oxford University Press (2012) at 189-253.
 Brett Frischmann, Infrastructure, Oxford University Press (2012) at 116.
 Christian Iaione, The tragedy of urban roads: Saving cities from choking, calling on citizens to combat climate change, Fordham Urb. L. J. Vol. 37, 3 (2009).
 Id. at 949-950.
Il Porto Turistico di Capri, creato negli anni ’60 come partnership pubblico-pubblico tra la città di Capri e lo Stato rischiava di essere privatizzato a causa della procedura di dismissione delle quote statali trasferite dallo Stato a Invitalia. Si appresta adesso ad essere giuridicamente inteso e gestito come bene comune, attraverso la prima partnership pubblico-comunità, per produrre non solo ritorni economici per la comunità caprese, ma anche impatto sociale, ambientale e culturale.