European Heritage Days: Cyclo-pedestrian itineraries in the Roman countryside

European Heritage Days: Cyclo-pedestrian itineraries in the Roman countryside

On Saturday 26th and Sunday 27th September 2020, on the occasion of the European Heritage Days sponsored every year by the Council of Europe and supported by the Italian Ministry of Heritage, Culture and Tourism (MiBACT), Co-Rome together with the co-district community managing organizations, as for CooperACTiva and the Community for the Public Park of Centocelle (CPPC), organized two days of itinerant walks in the co-district Rome South-East, joining the initiative of the European Heritage Days 2020. The initiative has been supported by LUISS-LabGov.City, OpenHeritage.eu, Fusolab 2.0 and the non-profit organizations “Hermes”, and it is part of the Horizon 2020 “OpenHeritage” project activites.

A view from the Archeological Park of Centocelle towards the Tower of San Giovanni

The “Cyclo-pedestrian itineraries in the Agro Romano at the origins of the Pratone di Torre Spaccata and the Archaeological Park of Centocelle” two-days route will offer to the participants the possibility to get to know new places and to discover the cultural heritage of the South-Eastern Rome co-district. The route stages will lead to the discovery of the ancient Agro Pontino path, among abandoned farmhouses, prairies rich in historical vestiges and archaeological heritage mostly still unknown, crossing parks and green corners manned by active citizens.

The first free guided tour will begin on September 26th at 10 a.m., starting from via Giuseppe Micheli and will take participants to the discovery of the Pratone di Torre Spaccata, the Sisenna-Romanisti Park, the Tower of San Giovanni, up to the Pratone and Parchetto della Cultura in via Rugantino where it will end at 12:30 p.m.

For the day of September 27th, the second free guided tour will take visitors to admire beautiful sunsets from the Park of Centocelle, during a cultural and educational walk full of historical and archaeological cues in order to spread the history and cultural heritage preserved by Park. The appointment is at 5 p.m. in via Casilina, 712 (in the parking area, near the fountain). The day will then end in a gathering of the participants at the Fusolab 2.0., giving them the chance to attend a free musical event during the evening and provided by the kermesse “Effimera”.

On both days there will be the chance to rent bikes to move from one place to another throughout the route.

However, due to unstable weather conditions or to safety reasons, the calendar of events and the possibility of renting a bike for the tours may be affected.

To participate in the initiatives on a single or both days each participant must complete a registration form provided at the following link https://form.jotform.com/202602840587051.

The use of face mask is required by all participants.

For further information on the initiative please contact info@cooperactiva.it or take a look at Facebook event https://www.facebook.com/events/770620890429426?event_time_id=770620890429426

For any other information on itineraries and the cultural-educational project organized by Co-Roma and its partners, please refer to the dedicated sections on the MiBACT website https://www.beniculturali.it/evento/itinerari-ciclopedonali-nellagro-romano-alle-origini-del-pratone-di-torre-spaccata-e-del-parco-archeologico-di-centocelle, as well as on the Council of Europe – Venice Office website https://www.coe.int/it/web/venice/lazio2.

The City Science Initiative: strengthening science and research for urban policies Tech and the City – Reggio Emilia

The City Science Initiative: strengthening science and research for urban policies Tech and the City – Reggio Emilia

Launched in February 2019 by the European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) in collaboration with DG RTD (now DG R&I), DG REGIO and the City of Amsterdam, the City Science Initiative (CSI) is a pilot project as part of the Community of Practice on Cities. It aims at strengthening the ways in which research and science can be used to address urban challenges, thus developing a structured approach to evidence-informed policymaking at the city level. Because most societal challenges in Europe are intrinsically urban and can be addressed better thanks to science and innovation, the CSI precisely tackles the need to consolidate the science and policy interface at the urban level. Simultaneously, the initiative provides an opportunity for municipalities, city networks, experts, DGs and services of the European Commission to build a stronger cooperation. Indeed, it brings these professionals together to work and explore ways through which research, science, technology and innovation can inform city policies. This cooperation enables to explore the needs and priorities of cities in terms of evidence-based policy making, and in particular the potential of the European Commission to support this effort. The creation of the CSI attracted much interest from major European cities from the start. Thus, the initiative now promotes and facilitates a European network of City Science Offices (CSO) sharing their experience and good practices on the front of science and innovation for urban policy.

Since the CSI has started, several meetings have been organized, in Amsterdam or Brussels, to set up the initiative, and then to reflect on the next steps. Under the leadership of five European cities, the CSI is currently addressing five thematic urban areas from the perspective of science-based innovation and policies. The city of Paris tackles the issue of air quality and the city of Hamburg focuses on circular economy. Mental health issues are addressed by the city of Thessaloniki and the city of Cluj-Napoca’s working topic is sustainable mobility. The city of Reggio of Emilia addresses Tech and the City through new forms of collaborative management and co-governance of digital urban infrastructure with the support of LabGov.City as City Science Office.

Since 2015, the city of Reggio Emilia has initiated a policy strategy aimed at developing an inclusive, collaborative, creative city by relying on the enabling features of digital tools and infrastructures, which are key assets for sustainable urban development. This approach, which has later been called the Tech and the City approach as part of the CSI, builds on advanced theories of urban co-governance, the city as a commons or “co-cities” theory. It is based on the cooperation of public, private, knowledge, social and civic actors (the so-called quintuple helix), established and regulated through public-community and public-private-community partnerships agreements enabling sustainable innovations and scientific experimentations in the city. The approach entails a strong focus on the valorization of local know-how and the recognition of community stewardship rights (rights of use, co-management, co-ownership) over urban critical assets and infrastructure, the so-called urban commons. In 2015, the city of Reggio Emilia implemented the “neighbourhoood as a commons” program, a policy tool which inaugurated neighbourhood labs as co-design moments in social centres to define urban innovation projects with the actors of the neighbourhood. The labs result in the signature of citizenships pacts that sets terms, conditions, investments to implement sustainable innovation projects. The scientific methodology used in this program to put in place a wide variety of community-based urban innovation and experimentation projects finds a particular resonance within the CSI now. The most successful project developed as part of the neighbourhood labs is the Coviolo Wireless initiative which has successfully developed a broadband infrastructures in an underserved neighbourhood, extending broadband access to city inhabitants. The CSI enabled to scale up this approach and methodology in cooperation with LabGov.City as CSO, in particular through the “Collaboratorio Reggio Emilia” process, a city-wide innovation hub. It has the ambitious plan of setting up a collaborative urban innovation program aimed at experimenting a model of community-based sustainable urban development to address the challenges of digital transition and climate change in the city.

In the unusual context of the COVID19 crisis, the city of Reggio Emilia has even further strengthened the commons-based approach and started to elaborate a strategic direction post COVID19, based on a large online survey called “Reggio Emilia, come va?”, (“Reggio Emilia, how are you doing?”). Answered by more than 5,000 city inhabitants between the 17th of April 2020 and the 12th of May 2020, this questionnaire has helped the municipality to understand how citizens have experienced the crisis, and what are their priorities the future. The municipality of Reggio Emilia made this instrument available to any local administration interested in using it, free of charge and according to the international criteria of the Creative Commons. The English version will soon be able for download here. The analysis of the results of the survey enabled the municipality to rethink access to digital tools and infrastructure and redesign services to help the production of social and economic value by adapting the scale of public policy intervention to the new needs that emerged during the health emergency.

Cities being in the front line in responding to the challenges posed by the pandemic, the CSI took a key role to bring together information on the policies and measures designed in this period, showcasing the relation between science and policy. Virtual workshops were organized by each of the leading cities on the thematic issues already mentioned. On June 22nd, 2020, the city of Reggio Emilia hosted the Tech and the City workshop to present its approach and discuss with cities and key stakeholders how to integrate science-based evidences and results, as well as R&I best practices to provide a better policy framework for cities willing to invest on public-community partnerships to tackle digital challenges through science and innovation. The event was structured in three panels, the first one offering science-based evidence from cities, the second one from European urban initiatives, and the last one took the form of a roundtable discussion between European stakeholders on the potential for a policy uptake on the evidence presented. The discussion highlighted the importance of urban innovation brokers such as co-laboratories or urban living labs for the development of public-community partnerships. European stakeholders from various DGs of the European Commission also emphasized the key role of the involvement of community for good governance at the European level. Finally, a crucial point that emerged from the workshop is the need to break down silos and build bridges between European urban initiatives to grasp the opportunities offered by the CSI in terms of experimenting innovative policy solutions for urban sustainable development.

Tech and the City: A Digital Workshop

Tech and the City: A Digital Workshop

On June 22nd, Share your experience with us!

#CityScienceEU

Save the Date! If you’re interested in finding out more about Tech in the City or on the potential contribution of science in cities in the post-COVID19 period, sign up to our June 22nd digital workshop! Share your experience with us on June 22nd from 2:30pm to 5:30pm by registering right here !
This event builds on the Tech and the city approach adopted and experimented by the city in Reggio Emilia (Emilia-Romagna, Italy) based on the theory of urban co-governance, the city as a commons or “co-cities” theory. Our goal is to bring together cities and key stakeholders working on tech justice at the urban level from the angle of European Institutions, networks of cities, international projects, national governments and regions – and provoke conversations that matter. We have arranged panels of connected participants to provide a forum for discussion. The first session will be devoted to cities sharing their experiences. The second session will focus on science-based evidence from cities and will be followed by presentations of relevant EU level urban initiatives. In the third session of the workshop, there is going to be a “digital roundtable” where EU level stakeholders will be invited to reflect on cities experiences and empirical evidence and discuss the possibilities for a policy uptake on EU citizens’ role in promoting science, research and innovation in cities. 

The form accessible here can be filled out to register to the digital workshop, we are looking forward to hearing from you on June 22nd !

Managing innovation in a post-pandemic scenario, can the innovation & sustainability manager be the answer for the economy post-Covid19?

Managing innovation in a post-pandemic scenario, can the innovation & sustainability manager be the answer for the economy post-Covid19?

“How will the post Covid-19 future be like?”. This is the question that many  people have been asking in the last weeks. A burning question lit by reasonable doubts and sincere preoccupation for what will come. The answers, for now, may seem several and unclear. Two alternatives, can be found: the optimists, hoping to see the same social-economic recovery they saw in last century’s post-wars. Those are the people that will never forget the effects brought by the economic boom, the spread of social movements and the social cultural  and economic recovery experienced by Eu countries, who, just some years before, went through few of the darkest pages of history. On the other side of the coin, there are, as usual, the pessimists. For them, an economic upturn is not just implausible, with the 2008 recession’s scars yet to be healed, but almost utopic.

“Managing post Covid-19 digital transformation and ecological transition, will innovation managers be the solution?”. This is the first topic, out of four meetings, entirely dedicated to the analysis of social sciences transformation in the current global health emergency. 

The purpose of Tuesday’s lecture April 21st, is to give explanations on the future after Covid-19, focusing the attention on the upcoming opportunities and on the missing possibilities for those who will come during the digital transformation and ecological transition. Professionals and scholars will discuss together over the issues and challenges we will be facing in future.

It is legit to believe that innovation managers will lead us through this transition?

To answer this question, two eminent guests of the international field will guide us focusing on topics related to digital innovation and sustainability. The first guest will be the famous french economist doc. Jean Paul Fitoussi. The following guest will be dr. Federica Santini, President of Trenord S.r.l., Trenitalia subsidiary. The meeting will be moderated by Elena De Nictolis (post doc research fellow in Luiss) and concluded by prof. Christian Iaione, Director of the MSc in Law, Digital innovation and Sustainability & Co-Director of LabGov.City.

Before giving a deeper insight in the topics treated, we should first give a closer look to our guests:

Federica Santini graduated cum laude at Luiss Guido Carli University in 2007. Since 2018, she is the President of Trenord S.r.l., Trenitalia subsidiary (Gruppo FS Italiane) e FNM (Ferrovie Nord Milano). Since 2017 she has been covering the role of Strategies, innovations and informative systems director of Italferr S.p.A., a Gruppo Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane’s firm, with responsibilities in business planning, extraordinary operations, competitive positioning and business development, market analysis, institutional relations, innovation, sustainability, quality, environment and security, as well as information systems and digitalization.

Jean Paul Fitoussi is a world-famous French economist. Professor Emeritus at Sciences Po, in Paris, and Professor at Luiss, Rome. Since 1989, he is the president of the French Observatory on Economic Conjunctions (OFCE). He is also a member of the scientific council of the “François Mitterrand” Institute and of “Center on capitalism and society” of Columbia University. His works is mostly committed on the topic  regarding inflation, unemployment, open economies and the role played by macroeconomics policies. In his italian-translated publications we have “La misura sbagliata delle nostre vite”. Perché il PIL non basta più per valutare benessere e progresso sociale, written with Joseph Stiglitz and Amartya Sen, and Il teorema del lampione o come mettere fine alla sofferenza sociale.

We must find the keys for our future. Are we looking in the right places?

Historic achievements like the digital transformation, speeded up exponentially by the current global epidemic, and climate change, lay down challenges that must be faced with new tools. New professional figures will emerge in the job market. The Light post theory states that in periods of disorientation we are used to search the solution in the most obvious places, whereas in order to emerge from a crisis, we must search for a solution in unknown places. The figure of manager of innovation and sustainability, shaped in the new Luiss master’s degree in the social sciences of Digital Innovation and Sustainability, was created with the purpose to find new patterns for business and development in the darkness of insecurity, typical of every transitional period. It is precisely designed to face the issues and challenges posed by digital transformation.

In conclusion, tomorrow’s lecture will be of remarkable importance, with prominent guests and pivotal topics. The concern for the future must not be an obstacle, but rather an incentive to prepare ourselves the best way possible. 

Gestire la trasformazione digitale e la transizione ecologica nel post Covid-19, possono essere i manager dell’innovazione la soluzione?

“Che ne sarà del futuro post Covid-10?”. Questa è la domanda che molte persone hanno cominciato a farsi nelle ultime settimane. Una domanda alimentata da una perplessità dubbiosa e una sincera preoccupazione per ciò che verrà. Le risposte, per ora, possono sembrarci molteplici e poco chiare. Si distinguono, come spesso accade, due fazioni: gli ottimisti, speranzosi di vedere una ripresa economico-sociale come quelle già viste nel post-guerra del secolo scorso. Quelle persone non vogliono dimenticare il boom economico, i movimenti sociali e la generale ripresa civile delle nazioni europee, che solo pochi anni prima avevano vissuto uno dei periodi più oscuri della storia. Dall’altra parte, i pessimisti. Una ripresa economica e sociale, se già poco plausibile date le cicatrici non ancora rimarginate dal 2008, ora risulta quasi un’utopia. Una speranza per gli sciocchi.

“Gestire la trasformazione digitale e la transizione ecologica nel post-Covid19, possono essere i manager dell’innovazione la soluzione?”. Costituisce il primo di un ciclo di incontri interamente dedicato all’analisi delle trasformazioni delle scienze sociali nella attuale emergenza sanitaria mondiale. 

L’obiettivo dell’incontro di martedì 21 aprile sarà quello di fornire delucidazioni sul futuro post Covid-19, focalizzando l’attenzione sulle opportunità che sono emerse e gradualmente emergeranno durante la trasformazione digitale e la transizione ecologica. Professionisti e mondo accademico riflettono insieme sulle sfide e i cambiamenti che dovremo affrontare.

È lecito credere che saranno i manager dell’innovazione a guidare questa transizione? 

A rispondere a questa domanda saranno due ospiti di rilievo internazionale che disquisiranno attraverso le lenti dell’innovazione digitale e della sostenibilità. L’incontro prevede un intervento di circa quindici minuti da parte del dott. Jena Paul Fitoussi, economista francese di fama mondiale. Dopodiché interverrà la dott.ssa Federica Santini, Presidente di Trenord S.r.l., società partecipata da Trenitalia. L’incontro verrà moderato dalla dott.ssa Elena De Nictolis, (post doc research fellow in Luiss) e sarà concluso dal prof. Christian Iaione, Director of the MSc in Law, Digital innovation and Sustainability & Co-Director of LabGov.City.

Prima di dare uno sguardo ancora più complessivo agli argomenti che verranno trattati, presentiamo ancora meglio chi sono i relatori:

Federica Santini laureata con lode presso l’Università LUISS Guido Carli nel 2007. Dal 2018 è Presidente di Trenord S.r.l., società partecipata da Trenitalia (Gruppo FS Italiane) e FNM (Ferrovie Nord Milano). Dal 2017 ricopre il ruolo, di Direttore Strategie, Innovazione e Sistemi Informativi di Italferr S.p.A., società del Gruppo Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane, con responsabilità in ambito di piano d’impresa, operazioni straordinarie, posizionamento competitivo e business development, analisi di mercato, relazioni istituzionali, innovazione, sostenibilità, qualità, ambiente e sicurezza, nonché sistemi informativi e digitalizzazione.

Jean Paul Fitoussi è un economista francese di fama mondiale. Professore Emerito all’Istituto di studi politici di Parigi (Sciences Po) e Professore presso la LUISS di Roma, dal 1989 presiede l’osservatorio francese sulle congiunture economiche (OFCE). È inoltre membro del consiglio scientifico dell’Istituto “François Mitterrand” e del “Center on capitalism and society” della Columbia University. I suoi lavori riguardano principalmente inflazione, disoccupazione, economie aperte e il ruolo delle politiche macroeconomiche. Fra le sue pubblicazioni tradotte in italiano ricordiamo La misura sbagliata delle nostre vite. Perché il PIL non basta più per valutare benessere e progresso sociale, scritto assieme a Joseph Stiglitz e Amartya Sen, e Il teorema del lampione o come mettere fine alla sofferenza sociale.

Dobbiamo trovare le chiavi del futuro. Le stiamo cercando nel posto giusto?

Processi di transizione epocali come la trasformazione digitale, accelerata in maniera esponenziale dalla pandemia di questi mesi, e il cambiamento climatico, pongono sfide che devono essere affrontate con strumenti nuovi. Nuove figure professionali emergeranno nel mercato del lavoro. Il teorema del lampione ci insegna che in momenti di sbandamento cerchiamo le soluzioni nel posto più scontato mentre per uscire dalle crisi occorre cercare soluzioni in luoghi e spazi ignoti. La figura del manager dell’innovazione forgiata dalla nuova laurea magistrale Luiss nelle scienze sociali dell’Innovazione Digitale e della Sostenibilità nasce proprio con il compito di cercare le chiavi di nuovi modelli di business e paradigmi di sviluppo nell’oscurità dell’incertezza tipica di ogni transizione ed è costruita per affrontare le sfide poste dalla trasformazione digitale.

Dunque, l’incontro di oggi sarà di notevole importanza, con ospiti di rilievo e argomenti di rilievo. La preoccupazione per il futuro non deve esserci da ostacolo, bensì deve essere l’incentivo per prepararci al meglio. 

Alessandro Alberti

The fifth module of the interdisciplinary Urban Clinic LabGov 2020

The fifth module of the interdisciplinary Urban Clinic LabGov 2020

The fifth and last workshop and co-working of the Urban Clinic, held on the Luiss Webex Platform, had as guest Joaquin Santuber and Lina Krawietz, Co-founders of the start-up “This Is Legal Design” based in Berlin.

After introducing themselves, our guests presented us the world of Legal Design, which is, in the words of Joaquin: “a way of improving people’s lives and making their life easier”. In order to be clearer about the meaning of Legal Design, Joaquin divided the word into two concepts. First “Legal”, that is the legal system that regulates our interactions in our society. For example, legal industry businesses that are provided and work with the legal system (courts, legal firms, legal departments, etc..). Second, “design” is more complicated to define. There are many design notions. Very often we are familiar with the idea of product design. For instance, service design, such as the process and steps of using a computer. In our case, it represents a creative problem-solving approach to complex challenges. When “This Is Legal Design” was founded, they needed to find an original approach, new solutions to make people’s lives better and easier improving users experience. Since the legal side touches us in every aspect of our life, they applied this mindset to the legal system and decided to conceptualize their start-up with the purpose of solving problems from the legal world, such as access to justice or helping legal firms to identify with the businesses they work with.

After being updated on the advancement of the LabGov’s project “Ri-Made”, the Legal Design team presented us some case studies of projects they created for some firms in order to illustrate what types of results we are looking for. Then, they showed us that legal aspects are everywhere, especially on the Internet. A good example might be the use of cookies on webpages. it is important to be innovative to pursue our goal, in every aspect and not only the legal ones. “How can we find innovative ways to overcome legal barriers to our sustainable fashion project?” Joaquin explained that once again the solution is something that has to do with the attitude, by looking at things critically. He then introduced the concept of “legal touchpoints” with the example of the “terms and conditions” that we have to accept every time we register on a social network or on a platform. In fact, these privacy policies are created by lawyers, which do not adapt their content to be understandable for everyone. Often, if some legal aspects are too complex to understand, using visual supports like comics or videos can be very helpful. At the end of the workshop, he left us with some questions to reflect on as homework for the following day. How could this look like in our project? How to share an idea with collaborators? How can we communicate safely our business plan?

Let’s get started with Saturday’s co-working! The students were divided into two groups, one kept on working on the Webex Platform, while the second one held his meetings on the Zoom platform.There were four blocks of activities during the day. Each block started with the Legal Design team providing some inputs to guide the two teams in the realization of innovative legal touchpoints for the project, then both teams met for a brief meeting with Joaquin and Lina at the end of each block to have some feedbacks. The goal of the day was to identify the two main Legal Touchpoints of our project and find original and innovative ways to make them more understandable for our audience. The first group focused on finding an original way to present the “terms and conditions” to the user at the moment of the registration, while the second one worked to solve the legal barriers that may occur when a user’s order is damaged and he has to return it back to “Ri-Made”.

After lunch, Joaquin and Lina asked the students and the tutors of the two groups to prepare a short video that could make the solutions that they had found more comprehensible, in order to present their ideas in a creative and visual way.In the final part of the co-working, the students showed the videos that they created. To conclude the fifth co-working the students updated the tutors on how they are handling the making of video tutorials of sustainable activities that they are filming from home. Moreover, on this last day of co-working, the LabGovers and tutors talked about the planning of the final day of the Urban Clinic which will take place on May 5th from 4 pm to 6 pm with the participation of Director General and the Provost. They will have to present their project an audience of experts, so a lot of work is ahead of us to prepare this exciting day!

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TAVOLA ROTONDA: “La partecipazione dal basso: problematiche di governance ed esperienze”

TAVOLA ROTONDA: “La partecipazione dal basso: problematiche di governance ed esperienze”

Venerdì 17 Aprile 2020, dalle ore 9:30 alle ore 18:30, si terrà, presso l’aula tematica del Dipartimento di Architettura dell’Università degli studi “Roma Tre”, la Tavola Rotonda: “La partecipazione dal basso: problematiche di governance ed esperienze”. 

Il suddetto incontro si inserisce nell’ambito dei Master biennali in: Culture del patrimonio; Conoscenza, tutela, valorizzazione, gestione; Economia e gestione dei beni culturali e del master annuale in Management-promozione-innovazioni tecnologiche nella gestione dei beni culturali.

L’evento, curato dal prof. Stefano Consiglio e dalle Prof.ssa Paola Demartini e Michela Marchiori, vedrà la partecipazione di Alessandro Antonelli, vicepresidente di LabGov.City, in qualità di relatore, il quale, durante la sessione pomeridiana, parlerà del protocollo metodologico “Co-City” applicato alla città di Roma, il caso “Co-Roma”.

Verrà illustrato come tale approccio, che prevede la costruzione di un ecosistema istituzionale a quintupla elica, tramite il coinvolgimento di cinque attori: il Civico, il Sociale, il Cognitivo, il Pubblico e il Privato, possa essere innovativo nella costruzione di quartieri e comunità collaborative urbane. Il progetto viene portato avanti da LabGov – LABoratorio per la GOVernance della città come un bene comune, tramite un programma di formazione/crescita, con la collaborazione di vari stakeholders.

La Tavola Rotonda sarà divisa in due sessioni:

Durante la sessione mattutina (9:30 – 13:30), interverranno:

Giuliano Volpe (Università di Bari), Paola Demartini (Università Roma Tre), Michela Marchiori (Università Roma Tre), Stefano Consiglio (Università Federico II), Marco D’Isanto (Dottore commercialista e consulente di imprese ed istituzioni culturali), Gregorio Arena (Università di Trento), Mauro Baioni (Università Roma Tre), Sandra Aloia (Fondazione San Paolo).

Durante la sessione pomeridiana (14.30 – 18.30), interverranno:

Enzo Porzio (Cooperativa La Paranza della Sanità), Fabrizia Cannella e Federica Fava (Università Roma Tre), Alessandro Antonelli (Vicepresidente Labgov.city – Luiss), Andrea Colafranceschi (Associazione Torpiùbella), Claudio Gnessi (Ecomuseo Casilino ad Duas Lauro), Nicola Brucoli (TWM factory).