If it wasn’t already clear, the recent marches all over the world have highlighted the need to seriously address the risks that climate change poses to our societies. From the ‘60s to today, the average temperature of the Earth has soared by 0.6 °C in some areas due to global warming. The level of CO2 in the air has never been so high since 800.000 years.
Fortunately, something is beginning to change. In the past months, the figure of Greta Thunberg has emerged. She is a 15 years old student and activist who is stirring the consciences of many young students like her.
On March 15th, students from all over the world walked the streets to make their voices heard urging a general awakening on the risks of climate change.
But there weren’t only the students to
fight in support of the environment, indeed, in the civil society, the voices
that rise in support of this cause are increasingly common.
For example, today there are several networks funded by Urbact, a European program aiming at promoting sustainable urban development, which focus on the theme of environmental protection and on the fight against climate change.
Among the most interesting ones, there is certainly BeePathNet. This network, which involves six European municipalities, sets the goal of dealing with environmental challenges, biodiversity and food self-sufficiency, starting from beekeeping. In fact, the increasing pollution and the widespread use of pesticides, is leading to a drastic reduction in the number of bees in urban areas. This also involves the loss of a fundamental tool for plant life and biodiversity: the pollination.
The leading city of this project is
Ljubljana (SLO) which, thanks to an innovative sustainable strategy called
“Vision 2050”, has succeeded in effectively renewing the urban
environment, thus allowing an incredible development of urban beekeeping. In
fact, today in the city there are more of 180 million bees.
Today the other partner cities are trying
to successfully replicate some of the good practices that are carried out in
this city so that in the end we can reach a medium/long term plan that can
guarantee the development of urban beekeeping in individual cities.
Another very interesting and innovative
network promoted by URBACT is C-CHANGE. The network aims at rising awareness
and to inform citizens on the issue of climate change through art. The leading
city of the project is Manchester, which succeeded in obtaining the status of
URBACT Good Practice City in 2017 in recognition of the work of the MAST
(Manchester Arts Sustainability Team). MAST is a network of about 30 artistic
and cultural organizations that, from community art centres and from iconic
cultural places, cooperate and work together in actions and climate
commitments. An example consists of the practices started in Manchester thanks
to MAST. Now, these practices are inspirational for the other partner cities of
the project. All these cities are united by the importance of art and culture
in their development. Suffice it to say that among them there are two former
European Capitals of Culture, four UNESCO World Heritage Sites and a former
National Capital of Culture.
Then there is BioCanteens, which is a
network that aims at finding new solutions to the challenges related to the
negative impact of industrial food production on health and on the environment.
Particularly, the partner cities focus on everything related to distributing
organic meals in school canteens and developing sustainable local food systems.
In fact, they are developing 100% organic canteens without any cost increase
and being able to reduce food waste by 80%. By promoting these types of
canteens, it is possible to obtain considerable benefits also as regards the education
of children and their families in food sustainability and the promotion of
local agriculture. The shared good practices that are promoted in canteens by
partner cities are not particularly complex, for example the creation of a
sorting line for food waste or the preparation of alternative dishes that allow
a more effective use of vegetable proteins, but have also immediate positive
effects on the sustainability of the cooking process and on the distribution of
meals, thus ensuring an effective and rapid reduction of waste.
Finally, there is also the Tropa Verde
network, which is aimed at encouraging citizens to behave in a way that
respects the environment and recycling and re-use. Everything is based on a
digital platform that allows citizens to obtain vouchers whenever they deposit
their waste in designated places. The vouchers can then be exchanged for
discounts and gifts that can be collected at local businesses that collaborate
with the platform.
The project that began in Santiago de Compostela
(SP) in 2015 saw immediately a great involvement of many local stakeholders.
Today the good practice of the Galician
city is an inspiration for the other 5 partner cities of the project.
On March 16, at the Council of the Municipal District of San Ramón, Alajuela, Costa Rica, there will be the first meeting of the pilot project “Cuento, Partecipo, Decido” . The project is aimed at promoting the importance of a policy of openness, transparency, showdown and, above all, citizen participation in institutions and throughout citizenship.
Open Government and Open State, Mechanisms and methodologies of citizen participation, Communities and Commons will be some of the topics that will be discussed during the meeting.
At the end of the meeting there will be a workshop where the digital tool ÁgoraPIC will be presented. ÁgoraPIC, which was developed by the Plataforma de Integración Ciudadana, is a civic tool aimed at making citizens an active protagonist in the public life of the neighborhood and the city, facilitating the participation of people and democratic dialogue, and providing multiple benefits to enhance the process of Open Government and Open State in Costa Rica.
The meeting will be opened to the Peñas Blancas, community and the institutions of the district.
Margherita Valle will bring forward the experience of LabGov in Costarica.
On 21st and 22nd
of February LabGov will participate at the Science for the City roundtable at
the CDMA in Brussels.
The initiative was
presented by Caroline Nevejan, Chief Science Officer of the City of Amsterdam,
Charlina Vitcheva, Deputy Director-General of the Joint Research Centre (JRC)
of the European Commission and Patrick Child, Deputy Director-General of DG Research
and Innovation (RTD) of the European Commission.
The topics that will
be discussed during these two days refer to the main challenges cities are facing
all over the world and the best ways to tackle them: climate change, energy
transition, social cohesion, employment, quality of the air and water, circular
economy, security, reduction of inequalities, and many others.
The solutions to
these challenges will mostly come from cities’ innovative strengths. Many
cities are indeed pioneering in responding to these challenges by designing and
implementing evidence-based policies.
In order to continue
to respond flexibly to developments in society and to find adequate solutions
to many of these challenges a strategic knowledge and research function within
the municipality is essential. In a number of cities, a special function or
position has been created to ensure the connection between science and policy.
In the case of Amsterdam, for example, the strategic position of a Chief
Science Officer (CSO) was created. In other cities similar functions have been
established, although often with a different title.
therefore aims at furthering the collaboration among cities, scientists and
urban experts on these innovative institutional frameworks that allow for the
development of innovative policies.
Over the course of
two days, the event will focus on discussing the existing and developing
challenges faced by cities and the possible scientific responses.
It will also serve to
exchange views on trends and developments in science and knowledge (for
instance the ‘Open Science’ discussion) that are relevant to scientists and
Representing LabGov, Cosima
Malndrino will bring forward the experience of Reggio Emilia, one of the
pioneer cities in Italy and Europe who are reforming the role of urban
authorities in order to foster sustainable and participatory innovation.
Venerdì 15 febbraio
2019 dalle ore 16:00 alle 18:00 presso il LOFT del campus LUISS di viale
Romania, 32, si terrà la giornata di apertura dell’A.A. 2018/19 della Clinica Urbana
EDU@LabGov – LABoratorio per la GOVernance della città come un bene comune”, il
percorso formativo di educazione transdisciplinare e applicata curato dal team
EDU di LabGov e installato presso l’Università LUISS Guido Carli, che si svolge
annualmente a partire dal 2012 nell’ambito delle attività Soft Skills
dell’Ateneo, con studenti provenienti dai Dipartimenti di Giurisprudenza,
Scienze Politiche ed Economia (http://www.luiss.it/studenti/soft-skills-and-training-opportunities/soft-skills-con-cfu/corsi-di-laurea-triennale-e-ma-1 ).
Tanti saranno gli
ospiti e tante le idee in circolazione. L’incontro ospiterà un confronto tra
Giovanni Lo Storto, Direttore Generale della LUISS, Massimiliano Giansanti,
Presidente di Confagricoltura e il “cuoco-contadino” Peppe Zullo, sui temi dell’agricoltura
urbana, dell’alimentazione sana, sostenibile e consapevole, della salute e del
benessere connessi all’alimentazione, del mondo dell’imprenditoria
un momento importante per LabGov perché inaugura pubblicamente la progettualità
comune che vedrà la LUISS, LabGov e Confagricoltura lavorare congiuntamente nei
prossimi mesi. LUISS, LabGov e Confagricoltura stanno infatti definendo un
progetto mirato a diffondere una cultura dell’alimentazione che sia sana,
consapevole e sostenibile, e che avrà la sua base di partenza nell’agricoltura
urbana e la sua fase di start-up nei cinque moduli della Clinica Urbana
EDU@LabGov: il progetto OCULUS “Orti Condivisi Urbani per il Lavoro,
l’Uguaglianza, la Salute”. Questo progetto nasce da una comune intesa e visione
tra LUISS, LabGov e Confagricoltura sul tema dell’alimentazione e
dell’agricoltura. L’agricoltura, fermo restando il prioritario obiettivo di
produrre alimenti, ogni giorno, a prezzi accessibili, garantendo ai consumatori
la sicurezza alimentare in termini di quantità e qualità, contribuisce alla
gestione dei beni comuni e fornisce alla collettività servizi eco sistemici. È
Proprio per tali motivi che LUISS, LabGov e Confagricoltura sono convinti che
occorra aumentare la consapevolezza del ruolo fondamentale che l’agricoltura
svolge nell’interesse comune, anche attraverso la tutela del paesaggio, degli
ecosistemi e della biodiversità, che costituiscono un patrimonio collettivo.
In tale contesto, è
interessante percorrere il sentiero di una fertilizzazione incrociata e/o di
una sinergia tra l’esperienza degli “orti urbani condivisi” e le politiche,
programmi e iniziative sulla salute e il benessere urbano, prestando
particolare attenzione alla nutraceutica. La Nutraceutica è un termine derivato
dalla fusione delle parole “nutrizionale” e “farmaceutica”, che sta a indicare
lo studio di quei principi attivi presenti negli alimenti comuni in grado di
svolgere funzioni protettive per la nostra salute e preventive di patologie
La seconda ora
dell’incontro vedrà intervenire la dottoressa Claudia Giommarini, responsabile
di ERS and student’s development LUISS, da sempre attiva promotrice nell’ateneo
di progetti e iniziative riguardanti la sostenibilità. Verranno infine
consegnati gli attestati agli studenti della clinica urbana EDU@LabGov A.A. 2017/18.
In fact, among the difficulties faced by the various urban contexts, there is the one concerning poverty.
This article, written after the seminar on 11 October 2018, during the European Week of Regions and Cities, quotes as an example the six cities Barcelona, Birmingham, Lille, Nantes, Pozzuoli, Turin, which participate in the first call for proposals on the theme of urban poverty and which are adopting, with the support of UIA, innovative solutions to tackle this problem.
One of the most interesting aspects that emerges from the article is the one concerning the Public-private-community partnerships. In these particular types of partnership there is a more specific focus on what concerns the local foundation and the local development. In fact, the various target groups have been involved in the projects since the beginning.
A good example of how the Public-private-community partnerships can be particularly effective in combating the poverty is in the Co-city project from Turin where the municipality collaborates in the governance of the Commons with the various local associations and residents through the “Pacts of collaboration “. These are described by Christian Iaione, professor at Luiss Guido Carli and expert of the Co-City project, as “legal tool through which the forms of cooperation between city inhabitants and the City administration address urban poverty through an urban commons-based approach i.e. stimulating collective use, management, ownership of urban assets, services, the way infrastructure is implemented”.